5 Accurate Hepatitis Test: Get Diagnosed and Take Control
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5 Accurate Hepatitis Test: Get Diagnosed and Take Control

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by viral infections, alcohol abuse, toxins, or autoimmune disorders. It can lead to fatigue, jaundice, abdominal pain, and liver damage.

 

Hepatitis diagnosis tests involve blood tests, imaging, and liver biopsy. With early detection and proper treatment, the outcome of hepatitis can be improved, preventing complications and promoting liver health.

 

5 Hepatitis Test for Early Diagnosis

Accurate diagnosis is crucial in hepatitis to determine the specific viral strain, assess liver damage, and guide appropriate treatment strategies.

 

Here is a list of five common hepatitis tests for diagnosis:

  1. Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Test
  2. Hepatitis C Antibody Test
  3. Hepatitis B Core Antibody (anti-HBc) Test
  4. Hepatitis A Antibody Test
  5. Liver Function Tests (LFTs)

 

Hepatitis Test - Drlogy

 

1. Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Test

  • Detects the presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in the blood.
  • Used to diagnose acute or chronic hepatitis B infections.
  • A positive result indicates active infection, while a negative result suggests the absence of HBsAg.
Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Test Details
Also Known As HBsAg Test
Purpose Detects the presence of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen
Sample Blood sample
Preparation None
Procedure Immunoassay-based test
Test Timing A few hours
Test Price (INR) 300 - 600
Result Value Positive or negative for HBsAg
Normal Value Negative for HBsAg
Accuracy High
Interpretation A positive result indicates a current Hepatitis B infection

HBsAg Test detects Hepatitis B virus surface antigen accurately, providing valuable insights into Hepatitis B infection status.

 

2. Hepatitis C Antibody Test

  • Detects antibodies against the hepatitis C virus.
  • Indicates past or current hepatitis C infection.
  • Further testing is needed to confirm active infection or clearance.
Hepatitis C Antibody Test Details
Also Known As HCV Antibody Test
Purpose Detecting HCV infection
Sample Blood
Preparation None
Procedure Blood sample collection
Test Timing A few hours
Test Price (INR) 400 - 800
Result Value Positive or negative
Normal Value Negative
Accuracy High
Interpretation Positive indicates HCV infection

The Hepatitis C Antibody Test, also known as the HCV Antibody Test, detects the presence of antibodies against the Hepatitis C virus in the blood. This test helps in diagnosing HCV infection, with high accuracy.

 

3. Hepatitis B Core Antibody (anti-HBc) Test

  • Detects antibodies against the hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) in the blood.
  • Indicates past or ongoing hepatitis B infection.
  • Assists in assessing the immune response to the virus.
Hepatitis B Core Antibody (anti-HBc) Test Details
Also Known As HBcAb Test
Purpose Detects past or ongoing Hepatitis B infection
Sample Blood
Preparation None
Procedure Blood sample collection and analysis
Test Timing A few days
Test Price (INR) 300 - 600
Result Value Positive or negative reaction
Normal Value Negative
Accuracy Variable accuracy
Interpretation A positive result indicates past or ongoing Hepatitis B infection

Hepatitis B Core Antibody (anti-HBc) Test detects past or ongoing Hepatitis B infection with blood sample analysis.

 

4. Hepatitis A Antibody Test

  • Detects antibodies produced in response to Hepatitis A infection.
  • Helps confirm past or recent Hepatitis A infection.
  • Used for assessing immunity and determining vaccination needs.
Hepatitis A Antibody Test Details
Also Known As HAV Antibody Test
Purpose Detects antibodies to Hepatitis A virus (HAV)
Sample Blood sample
Preparation Fasting not required
Procedure Blood sample collection and analysis
Test Timing A few days
Test Price (INR) 300 - 600
Result Value Presence or absence of Hepatitis A antibodies
Normal Value Negative for Hepatitis A antibodies
Accuracy High sensitivity, specificity
Interpretation A positive result indicates past exposure or immunity to Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A Antibody Test detects HAV antibodies. High accuracy test for past exposure or immunity.

 

5. Liver Function Tests (LFTs)

  • Measures levels of liver enzymes, bilirubin, and proteins to assess liver health and function.
  • Helps diagnose liver diseases, monitor treatment effectiveness, and detect liver damage or dysfunction.
  • Includes tests such as ALT, AST, ALP, bilirubin, and albumin, providing valuable insights into liver function.
Liver Function Tests (LFTs) Details
Also Known As Hepatic Function Panel
Purpose Assess liver health and function
Sample Blood
Preparation Fasting may be required
Procedure Blood sample collection and analysis
Test Timing A few days
Test Price (INR) 500 - 1000
Result Value Levels of liver enzymes, bilirubin, and proteins
Normal Value Specific reference ranges for each test
Accuracy Indirect liver health assessment
Interpretation Abnormal results may indicate liver dysfunction

LFTs, also known as Hepatic Function Panel, assess liver health through blood tests measuring liver enzymes, bilirubin, and proteins. Results help diagnose liver diseases, monitor treatment, and detect liver dysfunction.

 

Hepatitis Diagnosis Tests Overview

Test Name Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) Test Hepatitis C Antibody Test Hepatitis B Core Antibody (anti-HBc) Test
Also Known As HBsAg Test HCV Antibody Test Anti-HBc Test
Purpose Detect the presence of the hepatitis B virus Identify hepatitis C infection Determine past or current hepatitis B infection
Sample Blood Blood Blood
Preparation None None None
Procedure Blood sample collection, analysis Blood sample collection, analysis Blood sample collection, analysis
Test Timing A few hours A few days A few days
Test Price (INR) 300 - 600 400 - 800 300 - 600
Result Value Presence or absence of HBsAg Presence or absence of HCV antibodies Presence or absence of anti-HBc antibodies
Normal Value Negative Negative Negative
Accuracy High High High
Interpretation A positive result indicates hepatitis B infection A positive result indicates hepatitis C infection A positive result indicates past or current hepatitis B infection

The HBsAg test detects hepatitis B virus, the HCV antibody test identifies hepatitis C infection, and the anti-HBc test determines past or current hepatitis B infection. These accurate tests aid in diagnosing and managing hepatitis.

 

Hepatitis Differential Diagnosis

Similar Diseases Differentiating Factors
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Associated with obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome.
Autoimmune Hepatitis Presence of autoantibodies, elevated immunoglobulins.
Drug-Induced Hepatitis Medication history, the timing of onset, and liver enzyme patterns.
Alcoholic Hepatitis History of excessive alcohol consumption, liver enzyme patterns.
Viral Hepatitis (other types) Specific viral markers, and patterns of liver enzyme elevation.

When differentiating hepatitis from similar diseases, factors like obesity, autoimmune markers, medication history, alcohol consumption, and specific viral markers aid in distinguishing them. Accurate diagnosis is essential for effective management.

 

Best Doctor for Hepatitis

Specialist Description
Hepatologist Liver disease specialist
Gastroenterologist Digestive system specialist
Infectious Disease Doctor Focuses on infectious diseases

Consult a hepatologist, a specialist in liver diseases, for the best care in managing hepatitis and ensuring optimal liver health.

 

7 Interesting Facts of Hepatitis Diagnosis

  1. Hepatitis can be diagnosed through blood tests measuring viral antigens and antibodies.
  2. A liver biopsy is sometimes performed to assess the extent of liver damage in hepatitis.
  3. Imaging techniques like ultrasound and MRI can aid in evaluating the liver condition.
  4. Serological tests help determine the specific type and strain of the hepatitis virus.
  5. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tests can detect and quantify viral genetic material.
  6. Hepatitis diagnosis may involve assessing liver function through blood tests.
  7. Some hepatitis cases may require specialized tests, such as transient elastography, to evaluate liver fibrosis.

 

Conclusion

Early diagnosis is critical for effective treatment of hepatitis. Learn about the hepatitis tests and procedures used for accurate diagnosis and proper management of this disease.

 

Reference

  • Hepatitis - Wikipedia[1].
  • Hepatitis -WHO [2].

 

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Hepatitis Test FAQ

Can hepatitis be detected in CBC test?

A CBC (complete blood count) test can help detect some types of hepatitis, such as acute viral hepatitis, by showing elevated levels of certain liver enzymes and changes in red and white blood cell counts.

Can LFT detect hepatitis B?

Yes, liver function tests (LFTs) can help detect hepatitis B. LFTs measure levels of certain enzymes and proteins in the blood that can indicate liver damage or disease, including hepatitis B.

What is the normal range for HBsAg?

HBsAg (Hepatitis B surface antigen) is a blood test used to detect the presence of the hepatitis B virus in the body. The normal range for HBsAg is typically considered negative, meaning that the virus is not detected in the blood. A positive result for HBsAg indicates that the person has been infected with the hepatitis B virus.

What is the initial test for hepatitis B?

The initial test for hepatitis B is typically the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) test. This test detects the presence of the virus in the blood and can indicate whether a person is currently infected with the hepatitis B virus.

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