The human body converts all carbohydrates into glucose. Cells use glucose with the help of insulin to generate energy in the body. If cells find insufficient amounts of insulin in the blood, they cannot use glucose, which leads to an accumulation of glucose. This condition leads to diabetes.
"Diabetes is one kind of group of disease that appears in the human body that contains more glucose or sugar in the blood. Scientifically it is also known as diabetes mellitus."
It generally occurs when the human body cannot produce insulin or it produces an insufficient amount of insulin or a combination of both. Diabetes can also occur when cells do not respond to insulin properly.
There are main 3 types of diabetes.
Type 1 is the first stage of a diabetic condition where the pancreas produces an insufficient amount of insulin in our body.
The pancreas is the organ of the anatomy that produces insulin in the body. Previously it had been brought up as insulin-dependent diabetes and is treated with insulin injections.
Type 2 is a stage of diabetes in which cells stop responding to insulin.
This can be also noted as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DM). It's because of heavy-weight and lack of exercise. Because of that Obesity has been linked to the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Reduction in weight, diet and proper exercise are the remedies for this.
Gestational diabetes will be seen in pregnant women.
This is often a condition when pregnant women with no previous history contain more sugar or glucose in their blood. It is generally fixed after the parturition of a baby.
The A1C test can measure your average blood sugar level over the past 2 to 3 months in your body.
If your A1C test is below 5.7% it will be considered normal, but if it'll be between 5.7 and 6.4% indicates you have prediabetes, and above 6.5% or higher indicates you have diabetes.
This test will measure your blood sugar after an overnight fast after not eating anything.
A fasting blood sugar level of 99 mg/dL or lower is considered normal, between 100 to 125 mg/dL indicates you have prediabetes, and above 126 mg/dL or higher indicates you have diabetes.
This measure shows your blood sugar before and after you drink a liquid that contains glucose.
You’ll fast overnight or don't eat anything before the test and have your blood drawn to determine you're fasting blood sugar level. Then you will drink the liquid and have your blood sugar level checked 1 hour, 2 hours, and possibly 3 hours after onwards.
At 2 hours, a blood sugar level of 140 mg/dL or lower is considered to be normal, 140 to 199 mg/dL indicates you have prediabetes, and 200 mg/dL or higher indicates you have diabetes.
This measures your blood sugar at a time when you’re tested.
You'll take this test at any time and don’t have to fast (not eat) first.
A blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher indicates you’ve got diabetes.
|Type of Test||Normal
|Fasting Glucose Test||< 100||100-125||126 +|
|Random Glucose Test||< 140||140-199||200 +|
|A1c Test||< 5.7%||5.7 - 6.4%||6.5% +|
|Oral Glucose||< 140||140-199||200 +|
Diabetics patients must reduce their intake of sweets, fried foods, sugary beverages, and dessert foods that are fatty or salty.
A diabetic diet can help in controlling sugar levels in the blood.
Diabetes patients should follow a balanced and healthy diet.
The list of the following items can help.
Diabetes is one kind of group of disease that appears in the human body which contains more glucose or sugar in the blood. Scientifically it is also known as diabetes mellitus.
|Features||Type 1||Type 2|
Any person can do a blood sugar level check by doing a finger-prick test, or by using a flash glucose monitor or CGM an electronic blood sugar monitor.
Any person can measure blood sugar levels many times a day which can help you keep in check your sugar levels to help you to know work out plan, what to eat and how much medication to take.
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