Diabetic Diet Plan, Healthy Foods & Prevention

Diabetic Diet Plan, Healthy Foods & Prevention

Eating at right time is also important, especially in diabetes. You always want to plan for regular, balanced meals to avoid high or low blood sugar levels. Eating the same amount of carbohydrates at each meal can be helpful.

 

Eating healthy food to control your blood sugar can take some effort but the best reward is a chance to live your healthiest life with diabetes.

 

Healthy Food for Diabetes Patients

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder it is characterized by an increased level of glucose in the body which may occur due to decreased insulin secretion or decreased insulin sensitivity in the cells.

 

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, it’s too high. Blood glucose is the main source of energy that comes from the food you eat.

 

Insulin a hormone made by the pancreas, help glucose from food get into your cell to be used for energy.

 

What is the best diet for diabetes?

There is no specific diet that works for everybody your health care provider may have to see a registered dietitian or a diabetes educator who can help design the best meal plan for you.

The diet includes

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Grains like whole wheat brown, rice, & barely.
  • Proteins such as meat chicken, fish, eggs, nuts, and beans.
  • Low-fat dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt

 

To keep your blood sugar level under control you need to cut foods and drinks that are high in carbohydrates. You can take them in smaller amounts or less often.

  • The high carbohydrate foods and drink you should limit include sugary foods such as candy, cookies, cake, ice cream, cereals canned fruits.
  • White rice, tortillas, bread, pasta, and things made with white flour.
  • Vegetables like white potatoes, corns, peas.
  • A person also needs to limit alcohol drinking as well as how much fat and salt that persons eat.

 

Diabetes Signs and Symptoms

Diabetes may present with characteristics and symptoms such as

  • Blurring of vision
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Polyuria (frequent urination)
  • Polydipsia (more thirst)
  • Polyphagia (more hunger)
  • Muscle bulk

 

Types of Diabetes

There are 3 main types of diabetes type one, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

 

1. Type 1 diabetes

This type of diabetes develops when the body's immune system destroys creating beta cells the only cells in the body that make the hormone insulin that regulates blood glucose.

 

Type 1 Diabetes usually strikes children and young adults although the disease one set can occur at any age.

 

Type one diabetes accounts for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.

 

Prince factors of type one diabetes include autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors.

 

Once a person receives their diagnosis, they will need to regularly monitor their blood sugar levels administer insulin, and make lifestyle changes to help manage the condition.

 

People living with type one diabetes need to administer insulin on a regular basis individual may do this with an injection or an insulin pump.

 

People who manage blood sugar levels can help people living with one type of diabetes avoid serious complications like

  • Nervous damage
  • Issues with the eyes
  • Increase risk of skin infection
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Foot problems
  • Including numbness

 

2. Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes may account for about 90% to 95% of diagnosed cases of diabetes. It usually became insulin resistance, a disorder in which says do not use insulin properly.

 

As the need for insulin rises pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce insulin.

 

Type 2 diabetes is associated with

  • Older age
  • Obesity
  • Family history of diabetes
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Impaired glucose metabolism
  • Physical inactivity

 

Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in childhood and adolescence.

 

In many cases, medication along with changes in exercise and diet can help manage the condition children and adults can develop type 2 diabetes the most common risk factor of type 2 diabetes includes:

  • Age 45 or older
  • Overweight
  • Family history

 

People who have type 2 diabetes do not make or use insulin effectively.

 

According to the National Institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney disease, this is the most common type of diabetes, and it has strong links with obesity.

 

A person living with type 2 diabetes may or not may not need insulin.

 

3. Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs when your body can’t make enough insulin during pregnancy. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that acts as a key to lead blood sugar in the cells in your body for use as energy.

 

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention between 2 -10% of pregnancies, each year result in gestational diabetes.

 

Around 50% of people who have gestational diabetes will later develop type 2 diabetes.

During pregnancy, individuals can take steps to manage a condition that includes

  • Staying active
  • Monitoring the growth and development of features
  • Diet
  • Monitoring blood sugar levels

 

Gestational diabetes can increase a person’s risk of developing high blood pressure during pregnancy it cause

  • Premature birth
  • Increase birth weight
  • Blood sugar health issues with new-born babies
  • Increased risk of the baby developing type 2 diabetes later in life

 

Prediabetes

Pre-diabetes means that your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes if you have prediabetes, you are more likely to have developed type 2 diabetes.

 

Diabetes Prevention

Type one diabetes cannot be cured.

However, people with type 2 diabetes somewhere to help prevent type 2 diabetes. This includes

  • Maintaining moderate body weight
  • Eating a balanced diet
  • Exercises like yoga & walking regularly

 

To reduce the risk of developing gestational diabetes a person should maintain a moderate weight before becoming pregnant.

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FAQ

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is one kind of group of disease that appears in the human body which contains more glucose or sugar in the blood. Scientifically it is also known as diabetes mellitus.

What is the difference between type-1 and type-2 diabetes?

Main Difference between type-1 and type-2 diabetes

Features Type 1 Type 2
Frequency 10-20% 80-90%
Onset Sudden Gradual
Age All Adults
Prevalence Less More
Body habitus Thin/Normal Obese
Autoantibodies Present Absent
Ketoacidosis Common Rare

Which meal is best for a client on a diabetic diet?

Best Plan for a Client on a Diabetic Diet

  • Eat foods that have carbohydrates like fruit, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Leafy green vegetables are extremely nutritious and low in calories
  • Avocados may have properties specific to preventing diabetes.
  • Chia seeds are a wonderful food for people with diabetes.
  • Flaxseeds have high omega-3 fats, fiber, and other unique plant compounds.

What causes low blood sugar without diabetes?

Causes of Hypoglycemia and low blood sugar in a person without having diabetes include

  • Some medications
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Side effects of weight loss surgery
  • Liver or kidney problems
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Problems in the pancreas
  • Certain genetic disorders
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