orange nutrition factOne of the most widely favored of the world's fruits, the orange, sweet orange, or round orange, considered to be a form of the sour orange. One of its first recorded regional names was the Persian Narang, from which were derived the Spanish name, Naranja, and the Portuguese, Karanja. In some Caribbean and Latin American areas, the fruit is known as Naranja de China, China dulce, or simply China.
The orange has become the most commonly grown tree fruit in the world. It is an important crop in the Far East, the Union of South Africa, Australia, throughout the Mediterranean area, and subtropical areas of South America and the Caribbean.
Botanica Name: Citrus Sinensis
The orange is a type of citrus fruit that is very closely related to lemons, limes, tangerines, and grapefruit. Typically an orange of any variety will have a stringy core that contains the seeds, followed by a series of segments that contain the fleshy fruit, and then a obese orange colored skin protecting the fruit and seed from damage.
There are two basic categories of orange: the sweet orange (C. Sinensis) and the bitter orange (C. Aurantium). Sweet orange varieties are Common orange reproduces asexually; varieties of sweet orange arise through mutations, Blood or pigmented orange, Navel orange, Acid-less orange. As of 2012, sweet oranges accounted for approximately 70% of citrus production.
Prevention of kidney stones
Oranges are a good source of citric acid and citrates, and also high levels of potassium, both are responsible to prevent painful kidney stones forming.
A study shows that orange juice should be beneficial in the control of calcareous and uric acid nephrolithiasis. Another study found that orange juice has greater alkalinizing.
MAIN THING: Regular consumption of oranges shows a lower risk of developing kidney stones.
All the fiber, Vitamin C and high levels of ascorbic acid in oranges may help to improve your cholesterol levels to protect against coronary heart disease because fibers pick up excess cholesterol compounds in the gut and pushes them out in the elimination process, Vitamin C neutralizes the free radicals that oxidize cholesterol and high levels of ascorbic acid allow them to prevent the oxidation of cholesterol.
A study Results demonstrated that a compound present in orange called water-insoluble fiber-rich fraction decrease the levels of serum triglyceride, serum total cholesterol, liver total lipids, and liver cholesterol, while it could also significantly increase the levels of fecal total lipids, fecal cholesterol, and fecal bile acids as well as the fecal bulk and moisture.
Frequent intake of citrus fruit may reduce the incidence of Cardio Vascular Diseases.
MAIN THING: Frequently drink the orange juice decreased low-density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol or "bad cholesterol")
Oranges are a super fruit that helps to regulate blood pressure, as they contain bio-flavonoids, hesperidin which improves the flexibility of the vessels, potassium which dilates blood vessels and magnesium help to control blood pressure effectively.
A Potassium found in oranges helps to lower blood pressure, protecting against stroke. An animal study found that Phytonutrients; hesperidin presence in orange has the capacity to lower high blood pressure as well as cholesterol.
MAIN THING: The hesperidin, potassium, and magnesium found in oranges can lower high blood pressure.
Oranges may be sweet, but low calories and high in fiber, which can help out by keeping blood sugar levels under control in people with type 1 diabetes and improve blood sugar, lipids and insulin levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Fructose, the natural sugar found in oranges, control blood sugar levels from spiking after eating.
MAIN THING: Daily intake of Oranges, can balance your sugar levels in your blood very effectively and prevent diabetes.
Orange has an anti-inflammatory property and also contains full of phytonutrients like carotenoids, zeaxanthin, and beta-cryptoxanthin, had reduces the risks of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
MAIN THING: Orange helps to reduce the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.
Increased acidity and disturb intestinal movements are major problems with the digestive system. The high fiber content in Oranges prevents many ulcers, lowering the acidity of the stomach and helps in releasing digestive enzymes or juices which help digest the food effectively.
Orange is a rich source of Vitamin C also helps to prevent ulcers and lowering the risk of stomach cancer.
A study done in the US found that Increased fiber intake benefits a number of gastrointestinal disorders; gastroesophageal reflux disease, duodenal ulcer, diverticulitis, constipation, and hemorrhoids.
In the study, researchers evaluated that participants with the highest blood levels of vitamin C had a 25% lower incidence of infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), the bacterium responsible for causing peptic ulcers and in turn, an increased risk for stomach cancer. The high blood levels of vitamin C help to protect against H.pylori infection.
MAIN THING: The fibers and vitamin C presence in orange helps to prevent problems related to Digestive system and improve digestion.
As you know the high level of Vitamin C in oranges, which prevents the free radical damage that triggers the inflammatory cascade, helps to protect against and prevent the development of cancer that reduces the risk of colon cancer.
D-limonene is one compound usually found in citrus fruits and also in orange, fights against various cancers of the mouth, skin, lung, breast, stomach, and colon, etc.
One study found that having a high intake of citrus fruits was associated with a lower risk of developing breast cancer.
MAIN THING: High levels of vitamin C and antioxidants in oranges are proven to help fight a number of varieties of cancer.
Folic acid present in Oranges helps in Brain growth development. Flavonoids, specifically found in oranges could help preserve cognitive function and prevent neurodegenerative disorders like dementia or Alzheimer’s.
A study found that a higher intake of citrus fruits was linked to improvements in cognitive function among older adults. Another study, flavonoids found in citrus fruits, Nobiletin and Tangeretin may represent beneficial drug for the treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease.
MAIN THING: Dietary intake of oranges will help in brain development and to prevent Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Disease.
Oranges are filled with Vitamin C, which increases the production of white Blood Cells that destroy viruses, bacteria and other foreign invaders it leads to improve your immune system.
Oranges also contain vitamin A, folate, copper and nutrients that assist Vitamin C help to reduce oxidative stress on cells and protect your immune system. Flavonoids and polyphenols in Oranges help you fight viral infections.
One study attributed that vitamin C and zinc reduce the incidence and improve the outcome of pneumonia, malaria, and diarrhea infections, especially in children in developing countries.
MAIN THING: Vitamin C and other nutrients in orange helps to boosts person’s Immunity.
Oranges are high in fiber and low in calories, which promotes your digestion and also help ward off cravings and hunger, ability to keep you feeling full.
MAIN THING: Fibers in orange make you feel full for long, helps to lose weight fast.
As discussed, excellent source of vitamin C, citric acid, minerals and other nutrients found in orange can do wonders for your skin. Apart from the fruit itself, orange juice and even orange peels can provide a range of benefits to your skin.
Oranges have a high content of citric acid which is effective in drying away acne and Healthy Skin. Vitamin C in oranges improves the skin texture and color also helps in restoring collagen in your body which is responsible for skin firming and prevents premature aging of skin.
Orange peels are a natural bleaching agent that Skin Whitening Qualities, also higher content of vitamin C than the fruit itself which helps to treat the Dark spots and Blemishes and help in reducing suntans by deflecting harmful UV rays from attacking skin cells and also effective in extracting blackheads out of your skin and providing the appearance of a healthy and glowing skin and rejuvenates your dull Skin.
MAIN THING: Whole orange fruit; fruit, juice and peel provide you beautiful skin.
Orange contains certain vital nutrients like Vitamin C, along with bio-flavonoids aids in circulation to the scalp which in turn promotes hair growth and also contains Vitamin B, folic acid that is vital to hair growth and another form is Insonitol that prevents hair loss and stimulates hair growth.
Orange juice is an excellent conditioner for your hair. Juice of orange peel can be used on the scalp to control dandruff.
MAIN THING: Orange juice and peels are responsible for better hair growth and helps to prevents dandruff.
Sweet orange or juice is Safe in normal food amounts. Sweet orange peel in large amounts cause colic, convulsions, or death so it is likely Unsafe.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Sweet orange seems safe when taken in usual food amounts.
Interaction Major Interaction with Celiprolol (Celicard), Ivermectin, Pravastatin (Pravachol) Moderate Interaction Antibiotics (Quinolone antibiotics), Fexofenadine (Allegra), P-Glycoprotein substrates.
Selection and Storage
Choose oranges with firm, smooth skins, heavy for size.
Store oranges at room temperature for 1-2 days. Oranges can also be stored in the freezer, but even then, need to be used within three months.