Monkeypox is a rare zoonotic viral contagious disease caused by the monkeypox virus (orthopoxvirus). It leads to fever, swollen lymph nodes, and a widespread rash on the face and extremities.
Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease which means it can be transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa. Monkeypox can also be transmitted from one human to another.
Most cases of monkeypox occurred in the central and western parts of Africa.
Monkeypox Symptoms Usually Show Up in This Order
The signs & symptoms of Monkeypox are seen within 5 - 21 days after infection & symptoms are similar to those of smallpox. But Monkeypox symptoms are typically milder.
The monkeypox rash usually appears after 1 to 3 days of fever happen and typically affects the:
The Monkeypox rash consists of lesions in the following:
Monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus, a part of the orthopoxvirus genus.
Scientists first identified the Monkeypox disease in 1958 and the first case of monkeypox in a human happened in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Before the 2022 US Monkeypox outbreak, it had been reported in people in several central and western African countries already.
Monkeypox spreads through direct contact with the following substances of animals or humans with the infection & these substances can enter the body via breathing, mucous membranes, or broken skin:
Monkeypox transmission can also happen through:
Monkeypox can not spread easily between human-to-human but transmission occurs through close contact with infectious material from skin lesions of an infected person or through respiratory droplets.
People who do not have monkeypox signs & symptoms cannot spread the virus to others.
Monkeypox can spread through semen or vaginal fluids still not known. Monkeypox signs & symptoms generally last 2 to 4 weeks and go away without treatment.
9 Best way to stop the spread of the monkeypox virus prevention is to:
A smallpox vaccine can also provide protection against monkeypox in early-stage assumption, but currently, its use is limited to clinical trials. Total Prevention depends on reducing human contact with the infected animals and limiting person-to-person spread.
Monkeypox normally takes about 2 to 4 weeks to run its course. If you have seen some monkeypox symptoms, your provider will monitor your condition until the rash resolves.
The less severe West African clade is causing the next world outbreak. No one has died from this type of outbreak to date. But, monkeypox can lead to other problems like pneumonia and infections in your brain(encephalitis) or eyes, which can be more fatal.
If you found monkeypox symptoms, there are some medications that can help you feel better, including:
Visit or call your doctor if you :
When should I go to the ER (Emergency Room)?
Try to seek medical care if you develop the symptoms like this.
Monkeypox Key Facts
- Monkeypox is viral contagious disease caused by monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.
- Monkeypox is usually a self-limited disease with the symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks. Death ratio has been around 3–6% cases.
- Monkeypox typically presents clinically with fever, chills, rash and swollen lymph nodes and may lead to a range of medical complications.
- Monkeypox is transmitted to humans through close contact with an infected person or animal, or with material contaminated with the virus.
- Smallpox antiviral drug has also been licensed for the treatment of monkeypox.
- Smallpox vaccine also provided protection against monkeypox but now newer vaccines have been developed for prevention of monkeypox
Monkeypox is a rare viral contagious disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms but milder. It’s characterized by a fever, swollen lymph nodes, and widespread rash lesions mainly on the face and extremities.
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