Obesity is a chronic disease defined as the increase in size and amount of fat cells in the body. It can be mainly associated with a higher risk of gaining overweight, developing cardiovascular diseases, reduction in the quality of life, and an increase in mortality.
The WHO (World Health Organization) (1) defines obesity as an abnormal accumulation of fat that can be detrimental to health.
Body mass index (BMI) is the main indicator used to measure the index of obesity. To calculate BMI, multiply weight in pounds by 703, divide by height in inches, and then divide again by height in inches or you can divide weight in kilograms by height in meters squared
|Less than 18.5||Underweight|
|Between 18.5 - 25.0||Normal Weight|
|Between 25.0 - 30.0||Over Weight|
|Between 30.0 - 35.0||Class 1 Obesity|
|Between 35.0 - 40.0||Class 2 Obesity|
|40.0 or over||Morbid Obesity or Class 3 Obesity|
BMI of less than <18.5 indicates that you are underweight, so you may need to put on some weight. You are advised to ask your doctor or a dietitian for advice.
A BMI range of 18.5-24.9 indicates that you have a healthy weight according to your height. You lower your risk of developing serious health problems by maintaining a healthy weight.
A BMI range of 25-29.9 indicates that you are slightly overweight. You may be advised to lose some weight for health reasons. You are advised to talk to your doctor or a dietitian for advice.
A BMI of over 30 indicates that you are heavily overweight. Your health may be at risk if you do not lose weight. You are advised to talk to your doctor or a dietitian for advice.
A BMI of over 40 indicates that you have Morbid Obesity or Class 3 type of obesity which is extremely dangerous. You are advised to talk to your doctor or a dietitian for advice.
Check your current BMI using our BMI Calculator
Abdominal obesity is defined as a waist circumference of more than 102 cm (40 inches) in men and more than 88 cm (35 inches) in women according to International Diabetes Federation for Asian Population (IDF).
The most obvious symptom is the increase in weight, therefore the symptoms that may be presented arise from this increase in weight, among others are :
Common symptoms of obesity in adults include
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2) says the rate of childhood obesity in the U.S. has tripled in the last 50 years. In 2020, nearly 20% of American children and adolescents (ages 2 to 19) were considered obese.
If you're really concerned about your overweight or weight-related health problems, try to ask your doctor about obesity management and prevention. You along with your doctor can evaluate your health risks related to obesity and discuss your weight-loss options according to your diet and body type.
People with obesity are more likely to develop a number of potentially serious health problems, including
The obesity diagnosis is based on the physical examination and medical history of the patient. If the calculation of the BMI is greater than 30 kg/m2, it’ll give the exact intensity factor in order to determine the severity of the obesity. The below stages can help in the diagnosis of obesity.
Here are some codes used for Obesity ICD 10.
|E66||Overweight and Obesity|
|E66.01||Morbid Obesity due to excess calories|
|E66.02||Morbid Obesity with alveolar hypoventilation|
The U.S. developed a Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) for medical diagnoses based on WHO's ICD-10 and CMS developed a new Procedure Coding System (ICD-10-PCS).
The initial treatment of obesity includes changes in eating habits and an increase in physical exercise. Weight losses of at least 5-10% in a period of 6 months improve and control the appearance of other diseases (comorbidities) associated with obesity.
Morbid obesity is a chronic health condition in which there is some serious health problems developed when your body mass index (BMI) higher than 40.
"Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of fat that can be detrimental to health."
Obesity is a chronic disease defined as an increment in the amount of fat cells and body size. It can be mainly associated with a higher risk of gaining overweight, developing cardiovascular diseases, increased mortality, and reduced quality of life.
According to a WHO, report Obesity is taking around 2.80 million lives every year as Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally result of being overweight or obese.
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