What is PCOS Hormones: Cause, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

What is PCOS Hormones: Cause, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

PCOS Meaning

PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.


What is PCOS

  • PCOS ( polycystic ovary syndrome ) Hormone issues that occur during the reproductive years include polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • You might not have regular periods if you have PCOS. or you can experience prolonged menstruation.
  • Additionally, you can have too much testosterone in your system.
  • Along the outer edge of the ovary, several tiny sacs of fluid develop when PCOS is present. These are also referred to as cysts.
  • Immature eggs are found inside the tiny, fluid-filled cysts. They are also referred to as follicles. Eggs are not regularly released from the follicles.
  • There is no recognized cause for PCOS.
  • The risk of long-term complications like heart disease and two types of diabetes may be reduced with early diagnosis, therapy, and weight loss.


PCOS Symptoms

  • PCOS symptoms frequently appear around the time of the first menstrual cycle.
  • Sometimes, after having periods for a while, symptoms appear later.
  • Different PCOS symptoms exist.
  • When you experience at least two of these irregular periods


Irregular Periods

  • PCOS is diagnosed as having irregular or infrequent menstrual cycles are both prevalent indications of PCOS. Consequently, having periods that are longer than usual for a period or that last for several days. You might, for instance, experience less than nine periods a year and such intervals could be more than 35 days. You can experience difficulties conceiving.


Too Much Androgen

  • Excessive growth of coarse hair on the face, chest, and back may be caused by high androgen hormone levels.
  • It is known as hirsutism. Male-pattern baldness and severe acne are also occasionally possible.


Polycystic Ovaries

  • Your ovaries might be bigger. Many follicles containing immature eggs may develop around the edge of the ovary.
  • The ovaries might not work the way they should be working.

These PCOS science and symptoms are typically more severe in individuals with obesity.



The exact cause of PCOS is still unknown, factors that might play a role include:


Glucose  Intolerance

  • A pancreas produces a hormone called Insulin. It enables cells to utilize sugar, the body's main source of energy.
  • Blood sugar levels may drop if your cells grow insensitive to insulin's effects over an extended period of time.
  • This may prompt your body to produce more insulin in an effort to lower your blood sugar levels.
  • Your body may produce too much androgen if you have too much insulin.
  • Ovulation, the process by which eggs are released from the ovary, may be problematic for you.
  • Dark, velvety patches of skin under the breast, in the groin, or under the armpits are one indicator of insulin resistance.
  • Other symptoms could include a greater appetite and weight gain.


Low-grade inflammation

  • In reaction to an infection or injury, white blood cells produce various chemicals.
  • Low-grade inflammation is the term for this reaction. According to a study, polycystic ovaries are a long-lasting, low-grade inflammation that affects females with PCOS to the excess release of androgens.
  • This may result in issues with the heart and blood vessels.



  • Research suggests that certain genes might be linked to PCOS.
  • Having a family history of PCOS plays an important role in developing this condition.


Too much Androgen

  • The ovaries may produce a high level of Androgen in females with PCOS.
  • Ovulation is disrupted by having too much Androgen.
  • This indicates that eggs do not consistently grow and are not released from the follicles where they do so.
  • Hirsutism and acne can be caused by access to androgen.



Complications  of PCOS can include

  • Infertility
  • Miscarriage or premature birth
  • A severe liver inflammation caused by fat built up in the liver is called nonalcoholic stereohepatitis .
  • Metabolic syndrome: a cluster of conditions including high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and unhealthy cholesterol or triglyceride levels That significantly increase your risk of heart and blood vessel disease.
  • Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
  • Sleep apnea
  • Cancer of the uterine lining

Obesity commonly occurs with PCOS and can cause complications of the disorder.



Pelvic exam

  • Then, your medical professional can advise a pelvic examination so that they can look for growths or other changes in your reproductive organs or masses.



  • Hormone levels can be measured through blood tests.
  • You might also get further testing such as fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • This testing can include the potential causes of mental difficulties or androgen access that mimic PCOS.
  • Your body's reaction to sugar can be measured with a glucose tolerance test.



  • Your ovaries' condition and the thickness of your uterus' lining can both be examined with an ultrasound. You have a wand-like instrument inserted into your vagina. Waves of sound are emitted by the transducer, and these waves are converted into visuals on a computer screen.


if you have a PCOS, your provider might recommend more tests for complications that tests can include

  • Regular checks of blood pressure come on glucose tolerance and cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • Screening for depression and anxiety
  • screening for obstructive sleep apnea
  • The management of your concerns is the main goal of PCOS treatment. Issues can involve obesity, hirsutism, acne, or infertility. Depending on the condition, medication or lifestyle adjustments may be required.
  • Your doctor could advise losing weight by combining moderately intense exercise with a low-calorie diet.
  • Even a small weight loss of, say, 5% of your current weight could have a positive impact on your health.
  • Losing weight can assist with infertility and may improve the performance of the PCOS medicine that your doctor has prescribed for you.
  • Your healthcare physician might consult with a certified dietitian to establish the optimal weight loss strategy.


Lifestyle and Home Remedies

Here are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help.


Stay at a healthy weight

Weight loss is very important in this PCOS to ask your healthcare provider about a weight control program if you need one. Meet with a registered dietitian for help in reaching weight loss goals.


Low carbohydrates

A handful PCOS can include the following foods

  • Natural unprocessed foods
  • High fiber foods
  • Spinach and other dark leafy greens
  • Dark red fruits in Massachusetts are red grapes, blueberries, blackberries, and cherries.
  • Broccoli and cauliflower
  • Healthful fats, such as Olive World, as well as avocados and coconuts
  • Dark chocolate in moderation
  • Spices for massages turmeric and cinnamon
  • Females who followed a low carbohydrate diet saw improvements in insulin metabolism and lower cholesterol levels. Females with PCOS who followed the low GI diet also reported a better quality of life and more regular periods.


Be active

  • A diet high in carbohydrates may raise your insulin level.
  • Ask your doctor if a low-carbohydrate diet may be beneficial for you.
  • Select complex carbs over simple ones since they will cause your blood sugar to rise more gradually.
  • Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, cooked dry beans, and Exercise benefits If you have PCOS, your low blood sugar levels will stabilize.
  • Exercise frequently and up your daily activity level to treat or prevent insulin resistance.
  • Keeping your weight under control and preventing the development of diabetes may both be aided by exercise.


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How long can PCOS delay your period ?

Menstrual irregularity is often due to an imbalance of hormones. Women with PCOS can have a period of at least three weeks. Others may not get a period of three months. Never know when or if it will show up.

How do I know my PCOS is improving?

Your period cycle will start becoming regular. The dark patches will start to reduce, and your skin will become clearer

What should I avoid if I have PCOS?

Things to avoid if you have PCOS.

  • Sugar drinks
  • Fried foods
  • Processed meats
  • Refine carbohydrates
  • Processed food
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