Anxiety Disorders: Types, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Anxiety Disorders: Types, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Anxiety disorders are one kind of the most common mental disorder that affect nearly 30% of adults at some point in their lives. But an anxiety disorder is treatable and a number of effective treatments are available for people to lead common productive lives.


What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is one kind of the body’s natural response to stress. A mental health disorder is characterized by feelings of worry, anxiety, or fear that are strong enough to interfere with once-daily activities. 



Anxiety is one feeling type of fear, dread, and uneasiness. It might cause you to sweat, cold, tense, and have a rapid heartbeat.

It can be a normal reaction to stress for example you might feel anxious when faced with a difficult problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision.


What are Anxiety Disorders?

Anxiety Disorders are having a sense of feeling dread or fearing the worst. Feel like the world is spinning up or slowing down. Feeling like other people can see you anxious and are looking at you.


Anxiety interferes with your ability to function. People often overreact when something triggers their emotions. So they can’t control your responses to situations.


Anxiety Symptoms

Here are 10 Common anxiety signs and symptoms that include

  • Feeling nervous, restless, or tense
  • Sense of panic, fear, or doom
  • Breathing rapidly hyperventilation
  • Sweating
  • Feeling weak or tired
  • Overthinking and trouble concentrating 
  • Insomnia is sleeping troubles
  • Experiencing Gastonia and seal problems
  • Avoids things that can trigger anxiety
  • Having difficulty controlling worry or specific thoughts


Women are more likely to receive an anxiety diagnosis of a disorder than men according to the American psychiatric association.


10 Types of Anxiety Disorder

There are 10 different type of disorder which includes


1. Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is the fear of space where it's difficult to escape or receive help if something goes wrong. A person with agoraphobia tends to avoid specific situations or places. Like they might avoid crowded places or public transport. Some people may become housebound all their life.


2. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) involves constant worry over everyday things. The anxiety may have no clear cause or trigger. This can cause irritability, sleeping disorders, and muscle tension.


3. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

OCD can cause distressing or intrusive thoughts that a person may manage by carrying out repetitive behaviors that provide temporary relief. for example, include washing hands in the fear of contamination. If a person did not perform the compulsion, they feel more anxious as a result.


4. Phobia

Agoraphobia is one type of phobia or fear. However many other phobias exist some are common and relatively mild, such as fear of spiders, height, injections, thunderstorms, and other factors. Others may be more disruptive to personal life.


5. Panic Disorder

Those people with panic disorder are saturated with panic attacks. These types of panic attacks can sometimes cause serious physical symptoms similar to a heart attack or trauma.


6. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

This type of order can be developed after a person experienced trauma. For example, PTSD may develop after an accident, assault, or natural disaster. In some people symptoms are temporary but a double experience PTSD over long periods.


7. Selective Mutism

People who have this rare selective mutism disorder avoid speaking, despite having the ability to do so. Those with selective nudism are typically very shy. They fear social judgment and embarrassment.


8. Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is common in children at the same time adults can also experience it. People with separation anxiety have an intense fear of separation from close people in life.


9. Social Anxiety Disorder

People with social anxiety disorder have an intense fear of social interactions with people. They typically fear the thought of social humiliation and worry about judgment by others.


10. Specific Phobias

You feel intense fear of a specific object or a situation, such as heights or flying. The fear goes beyond what’s appropriate and may cause you to avoid the ordinary situation.


Other specific anxiety disorders and unspecific anxiety disorders are terms for anxiety or phobias that don’t meet the exact criteria for any other anxiety disorder but are significant enough to be distressing and disruptive.


Risk factors

These factors can increase the risk of developing an anxiety disorder.



Children who go through abuse or trauma or witness traumatic events are at high risk of developing an anxiety disorder at some point in life. Even Adults who have a traumatic incident can also develop trauma or anxiety.


Stress buildup a big event buildup of smaller stressful life situations may trigger excessive anxiety for example a death in a family, work stress or ongoing finances or personal life.


Stress due to an illness

  • Having a health condition or serious illness can cause significant worry about issues such as treatment and your future.
  • Other mental disorders people with mental health disorders such as depression, often also have an anxiety disorder. 
  • Having blood relatives with an anxiety disorder can run in families.
  • Personality people with certain personality types are more prone to anxiety disorder than others.
  • Drugs alcohol drugs or alcohol use or misuse or withdrawal can cause worsened anxiety.


Treatment and Prevention 

You can’t prevent anxiety disorder but you can take steps to control or reduce your symptoms by talking to a healthcare provider or pharmacist before taking over-counter medicines or herbal medicines. 


Many psychological treatments can help with anxiety, but the most effective form of treatment is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).


  • Reduce caffeine consumption and alcohol consumption which can aggravate anxiety and trigger panic attacks.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Practice relaxation techniques such as proper breathing and yoga meditation.
  • Eat a healthy diet, sleep well, and exercise regularly do not skip any meals. 
  • Do keep healthful energy-boosting snacks on hand.
  • Gain perspective by talking about your feelings with someone close or a professional counselor.
  • Take time out practice yoga listen to music or meditate.
  • Get a massage or learn relaxation techniques stepping back from the problems helps clear your health stop.
  • Get enough sleep when stressed your body needs additional sleep and rest.
  • Big deep breaths inhale and exhale slowly.
  • Except that you cannot control everything.
  • Maintain a positive attitude and make an effort to replace negative thoughts with positive ones.
  • Get involved and find another environment to be active in your community which creates a support network and gives you a break from every stress.
  • Learn what triggers your anxiety and write a journal so you can analyze it.
  • When you are feeling stressed or anxious and look for your patterns.
  • Talk to someone tell friends and family or your close ones what you’re feeling and let them know.


Tips to stay healthy manage anxiety and stress

  • Jog walk cycle or dance three to five times a week for 30 minutes.
  • Set small daily goals and aim for daily consistency rather than a perfect workout it is better to walk every day for 15 to 20 minutes than to wait until the weekend for three to four fitness marathons, lots of scientific data suggests that frequency is most important.
  • Distract yourself when you are exercising keep away from your media player or phones or any other gadgets.
  • Be patient.
  • Find a form of exercise that is fun or enjoyable. 
  • Face the situation don’t wait for anxiety to go away you might think that you’ll put off speaking in class until you go no longer feel anxious about it but it doesn’t work that way it’s facing the anxiety that helps you manage it. This is called exposure.



Some are lifestyle changes that can help lessen anxiety over time, such as regular medication practice, physical activity, spending time outdoors, or making a few food wraps. 

Others like deep breathing and other distraction techniques can provide natural anxiety relief movement and mindsets to fight to prevent anxiety.

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Anxiety FAQ

How to Calm Anxiety?

6 ways to calm Anxiety

  • Take some deep breaths
  • Go for a walk
  • Muscles relaxation
  • Relax by visualizing
  • 54321 anxiety exercise (Equal Breathing)
  •  Yogic breathing pranayama

How to get rid of Anxiety?

5 steps to get rid of anxiety attacks.

  • Calm your body
  • Talk it out
  • Professional help
  • Be patient
  • Be positive

Which of the following is a major risk factor for developing a social anxiety disorder?

Top Following 2 reason is a major risk factor for developing a social anxiety disorder.

  • People with social anxiety disorder have an intense fear of social interactions with people.
  • They typically fear the thought of social humiliation and worry about judgment by others.

What are the different types of anxiety disorder?

There are 10 Types Of Anxiety Disorder.

  1. Agoraphobia
  2. Generalized anxiety disorder
  3. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  4. Phobia
  5. Panic disorder
  6. Post-traumatic stress disorder
  7. Selective mutism
  8. Separation anxiety
  9. Social anxiety disorder
  10. Specific Phobias

What is an anxiety disorder?

  • Anxiety Disorders are having a sense of feeling dread or fearing the worst.
  • Feel like the world is spinning up or slowing down.
  • Feeling like other people can see you anxious and are looking at you.
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