Lumpy Skin Disease
Lumpy skin disease is a viral infection of cattle. Originally found in Africa, it is also spread to countries in Middle East Asia and Eastern Europe. Clinical science includes fever, hyper salvation, and characteristic skin interruptions. Lumpy Skin disease is a virus disease of cattle caused by Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSD)
It is occurring in an episodic form. The disease is characterized by eruption nodules occurring in the skin, LSDV is one of the most important animal Poxviruses because of the serious economic consequences for cattle.
The world organization of animal health (WHO) categorizes LSD as a notifiable disease. It is characterized by fever, reduced milk production, and skin nodules.
The symptoms of limp skin disease include
- Blisters on the body of cattle
- Troubling eating
- Access to salvation
- Discharge from eyes and nose
- Subcutaneous oedema
- Enlarged Superficial Lymph nodes
Mastitis, loss of appetite, increase in nasal discharge, and watery eyes are also common. Temporary or permanent infertility occurs among infected cows and bulls. The disease can be caused by low morality.
- The limp skin diseases of viral diseases affect cattle. It is transmitted mechanically between cattle by blood-feeding insects, such as certain species of flies and mosquitoes or ticks.
- Secondary bacterial infection in affected skin can increase the severity and prolonged course of the disease.
- Up to 98 species were found, most of them belonging to the phylum of proteobacteria followed by firmicutes, Antibacterial and bacteroidetes.
What happens in Lumpy Skin Disease
- Lumpy skin disease causes fever, and nodules on the skin and can also lead to death, especially in animals that have not previously been exposed to the virus. Control options include vaccinations and culling of infected animals.
- This disease leads to significant economic losses
- The disease, present in many African countries in 2012, spread from Middle East South East Europe, affecting EU member states and several other countries in the Balkans. The vaccination program has since halted an epidemic in South East Europe.
Lumpy Skin Disease In Cattle
- The lumpy virus has rapidly spread in parts of the country including Rajasthan Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Lumpy skin disease is a viral disease that is unfolding throughout the country killing more than 67000 Cattles and affecting over 15,00,000.
- An official of the animal husbandry department said that the speed of cattle deaths in India is much more rapid than in other countries. In Rajasthan, the number of cattle deaths is 600 to 700 per day but in other countries, it is less than 100 in a single day.
- Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (DAHD) said that the ministry had asked states to speed up the Vaccination process.
- States are currently using the goat pox vaccine to control lumpy skin disease in cattle.
- This goat pox vaccine is 100% effective and almost 1.5 crore doses are already administered to the characters in affected areas. The commercial launch for a new vaccine for treating LSD developed by 2 institutes of Agri research body ICAR, will take the next 3 to 4 months.
Lumpy Skin Disease in Humans
- As per official and medical experts, this lumpy skin disease cannot be transmitted to humans from animal foods.
- The official of the National Institutes of virology stated that disease cannot be transmitted to humans based on the studies carried out so far.
- The doctors have also mentioned that there is no danger in consuming other dairy products as the disease is genetic and therefore, humans cannot get infected by this Disease.
Treatment Of Lumpy Skin Disease
- The spread of lumpy skin disease in recent years beyond its ancestral home of Africa is alarming. Quarantine restrictions have proved to be of limited useful stuff vaccination with viruses offers the most promising method of control and it was effective in spreading disease in falcons.
- Administration of antibiotics to control secondary infection and good nursing care are recommended, but a large number of affected animals with herds may be impossible to treat.
- There is no treatment for virus prevention because vaccination is the most effective means of control.
- The second infection in the skin may be treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and also antibiotics when appropriate.
Prevention of Lumpy Skin Disease Virus
Control and prevention of lumpy virus Disease release on 4 tactics
- Movement control ( Quarantine )
- Vaccination campaigns and Sick management
- Specific national control plans vary between countries So advice should be short from the relevant authorities and veterinarians.
- Vaccination is the most effective means of control, and live homologous vaccines containing a strain of LSDV are recommended
- This disease was originally Diagnostic in the South and Eastern Africa but now also occurs in several countries in Asia and East Europe.
- Virus vaccines may be used to help control the spread of infection.
- The most recent clinical sign is a widespread form of painful nodules for the skin and mucosal surfaces.
- Lumpy Skin Disease is a viral disease that mainly affects cows
- This disease is a virus of the capripoxvirus genus in the poxviridae family.
- These viruses are transmitted by insects that feed on blood like mosquitoes, ticks, and certain species of flies. Lumpy skin disease also spreads through contaminated fodder and water.
- The first official Lumpy skin disease case in India was reported on April 23 in Gujarat kutch region.
- Since then the disease has rapidly spread in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir.
- In Rajasthan, the number of deaths is 600 to 700 per day. But in other states less than 100 in a single day.
- This disease is not affected or transmitted in humans.
- The central government has begun administering goat pox vaccine to all Cattles. The government said that the vaccine is 100% effective against this lumpy skin disease.
- 5 crore losses have been administered in 8 affected states.
- India has also developed a "Lumpi-ProVacInd" for lumpy skin disease.