Cowpeas 10 Impressive Health Benefits with Nutrition Facts

Cowpeas 10 Impressive Health Benefits with Nutrition Facts

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Stay happy and healthy with tiniest cowpea

Cowpea is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. They are one of the widely cultivated annual crops in India. Cowpea in Hindi is called “Lobia”, in Telugu called “Bobbarlu”, in Tamil called “Karamani”, in Marathi called, “Chavli” and in Kannada called “Alasande”. 

Cowpeas are a very important legume crop in many parts of Asia, Africa, and other arid parts of the world.

The cowpea plant, the leaves, pea pods and green peas are edible and can deliver powerful nutrients and minerals to the human body. Traditionally, cowpeas were important complementary dietary items that fulfill the demand of protein by adding bean in salads and soups and other vegetarian food.

Cowpeas are helped improve digestion, aid in sleep disorders, manage diabetes, controller and protect the heart. They also detoxify the body, Encourage healthy skin, aid in weight loss and improve blood circulation. 

Botanical Name: Vigna unguiculata 

Cowpeas, which has 7 varieties, Black-Eye Peas or purple eye peas, Brown eye peas, Crowder peas, Cream peas, White acre type, Clay types and Forage cultivars. 

Nutritional Profile

Cowpeas Nutritional Value - Drlogy

Health Benefits 

Mental health

Cowpeas are high in tryptophan. Tryptophan helps to treat conditions like insomnia and anxiety. It also helps to neurotransmitters to control mood. Cowpea also has a histidine that plays a major role in promoting mental health. The amino acid phenylalanine in Cowpeas may help to prevent depression because of Phenylalanine helps to improve mood due to the production of dopamine and norepinephrine. This amino acid also helps in reducing migraines. 

Folate is rich in cowpeas. Folate plays a vital role in the nervous system. Folate deficiency can increase in homocysteine levels and this increase homocysteine level leads to neurodegenerative conditions such as Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease.

MAIN THING: Cowpeas give the overall brain and nervine health and give a peaceful life.

Strong immunity

Cowpeas is rich with threonine which may boost the immune system by enhancing the antibodies production. The threonine produces the serine and glycine which is essential for the collagen, muscle tissue and elastin production. So it makes healthy and strong connective muscles and tissues by increasing the production of serine and glycine. 

Cowpeas have many antioxidants that give protection against chronic illnesses. The antioxidants found cowpeas that neutralize free radicals within the body, which cause chronic illness and cellular mutation. Vitamin C and A found in cowpeas are adequate to give a boost to the immune system.

MAIN THING: Threonine, vitamin C and A presence in cowpeas gives you sronger immunity.

Healthy heart 

Cowpeas are a good source of Vitamin B1. Vitamin B is necessary for the production of neurotransmitter which is necessary for transfer message to the muscles. Thiamine work as a preventer to the heart diseases and maintains the healthy function of ventricles which cures the heart failure and cardiovascular disease 

Cowpeas has an excellent source of soluble fibers and protein which helps in lower the bad cholesterol or the LDL from the body. Phytosterols which are present in cowpeas is helped to maintain the right standard of cholesterol. This keeps the heart healthy and fit.

MAIN THING: Rich source of fibers and vitamins in cowpeas can lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Boosts metabolism 

Copper is the main mineral that controls the other 50 different enzymes for processing metabolism. The reactions of enzymes are principal to maintain the smooth functioning of metabolism. 

Copper helps in the metabolism of glucose and cholesterol. It also aids in the synthesis and production of enzymes. Enzymes break down nutrient molecules of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Potassium aids in carbohydrate metabolism.

MAIN THING: Cowpeas has various antioxidants, Potassium, copper and folate which maintain your metabolism.


Cowpeas has huge amounts of antioxidants in the form of vitamin C and A. The consumption of cowpeas in the daily diet can help in flushing out the free radicals from the body that otherwise causes damage to the skin cells and removing the risk of cancer. 

Folate is also essential for the replication of DNA because the fetus cells could not grow without the presence of folate. Cowpea is rich in folate which controlling in lowering the chances of neural tube defects like anencephaly or spina bifida.

MAIN THING: Anti-oxidants and folate, significant amount presence in cowpea can help to prevent cancer.

Manage your Diabetes

Magnesium can be found in high levels within cowpeas. Magnesium plays a key role in the metabolism of carbohydrates and can help the body maintain balanced levels of blood sugar. So, the intake of magnesium improves insulin sensitivity. If low presence in the level of magnesium leads to the defect in the secretion of insulin and also reduces the sensitivity of insulin. 

Rich source of soluble fiber in cow pea significant effect on diabetic conditions. which can regulate our blood sugar levels and help us in diabetes mellitus.

MAIN THING: Regular intake of Fibers and Magnesium rich cowpeas can manage your diabetes.

Prevention against anemia

Cowpeas are rich in minerals like Iron. Iron has eliminated the risk of anemia. Iron controls the protein metabolism which is essential for the RBCs and hemoglobin production. it prevents from anemia. 

Lack of iron can disturb the blood supply in the body, depriving oxygen to the body organs. It is important to consume cowpeas every day to deal with anemia.

MAIN THING: Cowpea included in your diet can prevent anemic condition.

Aid in Digestion

Cowpeas possess dietary fibers that promote and softens the stool because the fibers absorb the water. It reduces constipation with the easy flow of bulky stool, reduces diarrhea. The diet rich in fiber lessen the chances of small pouches in the colon and hemorrhoids. 

It also improves the peristaltic movement of the intestine and improves digestion and keeps away from digestive disorders.

MAIN THING: Recommended quantity included in your diet can help in bulky stools and Fast your digestion rate.

Reduces obesity

Cowpeas have a high density of nutrients, combined with dietary fiber, which is perfect for people trying to lose weight. Dietary fibers of cowpeas are functioned as "bulking agents" in the digestive system and increase satiety and reduce appetite and making people feel fuller for longer and so lowering overall calorie intake which are helpful in reducing obesity.

MAIN THING: The cowpea is Low-fat and low-calorie food which can help in weight loss.

Skin care

The antioxidants remove signs of aging, soothe irritation, heal scars, and protect the skin against the effects of UV radiation.

Vitamin C also prevents the skin from drying.

Vitamin A protects the skin from the harmful effects of the sun. This helps to prevent cell death, sunburn as well as prevent dry and wrinkled skin.

Protein helps stimulate cellular repair and the growth of new tissues.

MAIN THING: The impressive levels of antioxidants, vitamin C, vitamin A, protein in cow peas make it excellent for the health of the skin.

Safety Profiles

Digestive troubles: if cowpeas are consuming in the high amount it may be produced indigestion, vomiting, belching, flatulence, foul-smelling stool, constipation, stomach cramps, and heaviness in the body.

Selection and Storage


Select a good quality of cowpeas from the market. During the buying of cowpeas look for color, size, freshness, and quality. 

Selected chickpeas is free from foreign body, hole and fresh. 


Dried cowpeas could be kept in an air-tight pot in the cool, dry, dark place exactly where they are able to continue for approximately twelve months. 

Store canned cowpeas at room temperature and utilize prior to the expiration date stamped within the can.
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