Coagulation Profile Test For Blood Disorder

Coagulation Profile Test For Blood Disorder

The Coagulation Profile Test is a blood test that evaluates how well your blood can clot. It helps diagnose clotting disorders and guides treatment for conditions like hemophilia and thrombosis.

 

Coagulation Profile Test

Here are the basic details of the Coagulation Profile Test.

Also Known As Coagulation Screen, Blood Coagulation Test
Type Blood test
Purpose Assess blood clotting ability and disorders
Sample Type Blood sample
Preparation No
Fasting No
Gender Unisex
Age Group All
Normal Value Varies by Parameters
Reporting Time Few Hours
Cost 2000-3000 INR*

*Price range may vary as per location, lab type, and procedure of lab test.

 

Coagulation Profile Test Means

The Coagulation Profile assesses blood clotting ability.

  • It measures various clotting factors in the blood.
  • Abnormal results can indicate bleeding or clotting disorders.
  • Used to diagnose conditions like haemophilia and thrombosis.
  • Helps guide treatment and monitor anticoagulant therapy.

 

Coagulation Profile Test Purpose

The purpose of the Coagulation Profile Test is to:

  • Assess the blood's ability to clot properly.
  • Diagnose bleeding disorders or excessive clotting disorders.
  • Monitor the effectiveness of anticoagulant medications.
  • Evaluate liver function and overall blood health.
  • Guide treatment decisions for various blood-related conditions.

Coagulation Profile Test Price, Normal Range, Result, Purpose, Meaning and Interpretation - Drlogy Test

 

Coagulation Profile Test Preparation

Here is the basic preparation for the Coagulation Profile Test.

 

Before Test

  • No specific fasting or dietary restrictions are typically required.
  • Inform your healthcare provider about all medications and supplements you are taking, as some medications can affect coagulation test results.
  • Follow any additional instructions provided by your healthcare provider.

 

During Test

  • Cooperate with the healthcare professional conducting the test.
  • A blood sample will be taken, usually from a vein in your arm.

 

After Test

  • Resume normal activities as advised by your healthcare provider.
  • You may experience slight discomfort or bruising at the site where the blood was drawn, which is normal and should subside.
  • Your healthcare provider will discuss the test results with you and provide guidance based on the findings.

 

Coagulation Profile Test Procedure

Here's the Coagulation Profile Test Procedure.

  • A blood sample is collected from a vein, usually in the arm.
  • The blood is collected into a specialized tube that contains an anticoagulant to prevent clotting.
  • The sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis.
  • In the laboratory, various tests are performed to assess the blood's clotting ability. These tests may include measuring the time it takes for blood to clot (prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time), assessing the levels of specific clotting factors, and other coagulation-related measurements.
  • The results are reported to a healthcare provider for interpretation.

 

Coagulation Profile Test Result

Here's a concise interpretation of a Coagulation Profile Test result:

  • Bleeding Time (BT): Measures how quickly bleeding stops after a cut. Normal: 3 - 10 minutes. Longer times may indicate a bleeding risk.
  • Clotting Time (CT): Evaluates blood clotting speed. Normal: 2 - 7 minutes. Deviations could indicate clotting issues.
  • Prothrombin Time (PT): Assesses clotting factors and liver function. Abnormal values suggest liver problems, vitamin K deficiency, or anticoagulant use.
  • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT): Checks clotting factor levels. Deviations from the normal range may signal clotting factor deficiencies or conditions like haemophilia.

 

Coagulation Profile Test Report

Coagulation Profile Test Report Format Example Sample Template Drlogy Lab Report

Coagulation Profile Test Report PDF

 

Coagulation Profile Test Normal Range

Here are the normal ranges of the coagulation profile test.

Parameters Normal Range Value
Bleeding Time (BT) 3 - 10 min
Clotting Time (CT) 2 - 7 min
Prothrombin Time (PT) 10.3 - 12.8 sec
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) 25 - 37 sec

 

Coagulation Profile Test Interpretation

Here are basic interpretations of Coagulation Profile Test.

Parameter Interpretation

Bleeding Time (BT)

  • Within normal range (normal clotting ability)
  • Abnormal (potential bleeding tendency)
Clotting Time (CT)
  • Within normal range (normal clotting ability)
  • Abnormal (possible clotting disorder)
Prothrombin Time (PT)
  • Within normal range (healthy clotting function)
  • Abnormal (clotting factor deficiency or excess)
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT)
  • Within normal range (healthy intrinsic pathway)
  • Abnormal (potential clotting factor deficiency)

 

Coagulation Profile Test High Levels

Here are potential causes of high levels in a Coagulation Profile Test:

Parameter Potential Causes of High Levels
Bleeding Time (BT) Typically not associated with high levels.
Clotting Time (CT) Prolonged clotting time is typically not considered high levels.
Prothrombin Time (PT)
  • Excessive intake of vitamin K
  • Clotting factor deficiencies (e.g., Factor VII deficiency)
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT)
  • Hemophilia A (Factor VIII deficiency)
  • Hemophilia B (Factor IX deficiency)

 

Coagulation Profile Test Low Levels

Here are the potential causes of low levels in a Coagulation Profile Test:

Parameter Potential Causes of Low Levels
Bleeding Time (BT) Typically not associated with low levels.
Clotting Time (CT) Shortened clotting time is typically not considered low levels.
Prothrombin Time (PT)
  • Liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis)
  • Vitamin K deficiency
  • Warfarin therapy (anticoagulant)
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT)
  • Hemophilia A (Factor VIII deficiency)
  • Hemophilia B (Factor IX deficiency)
  • Hemophilia C (Factor XI deficiency)
  • von Willebrand disease

 

Specimen Requirements For Coagulation Profile Test

Here are the specimen requirements for the Coagulation Profile Test.

Specimen Requirement Details
Specimen Type Whole blood
Volume 5 ml
Container Lavender-top (EDTA) tube and blue-top (sodium citrate) tubes
Collection Instructions Citrated plasma samples should be collected by double centrifugation.
Storage Conditions Maintain whole blood at room temperature. Freeze plasma.
Causes for Rejection Severe hemolysis; improper labeling; clotted specimen; specimen diluted with IV fluids; samples thawed in transit; improper sample type; sample out of stability.

 

Coagulation Profile Test is Safe?

The Coagulation Profile Test is generally considered safe and routine.

  • It involves a simple blood draw, which is a common and safe procedure.
  • Like most blood tests, there may be a slight risk of minor discomfort or bruising at the site of blood collection, but serious complications are rare.

 

When Do You Get Coagulation Profile Test Results? 

  • Coagulation Profile Test results are typically available within a few hours depending on the laboratory's efficiency.
  • Your healthcare provider will inform you of the specific time frame for receiving your test results.

 

Coagulation Profile Test Limitation

Here is the basic limitation of the Coagulation Profile Test.

  • Coagulation profile tests may not reflect an individual's bleeding or clotting risk in all clinical scenarios.
  • Test results can be influenced by various factors, including medications and medical conditions.
  • Interpretation should consider the complete clinical picture and not rely solely on these tests for diagnosis or prognosis.

 

Coagulation Profile Test Risk Factors

Here are some of the risk factors of the Coagulation Profile Test.

  • Family history of bleeding disorders or clotting disorders.
  • Use of medications that affect blood clotting, such as anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs.
  • Certain medical conditions, such as liver disease or hemophilia, can increase the risk of abnormal coagulation profiles.

 

Doctor Recommendations After Coagulation Profile Test Result

Here are Doctor's recommendations or consult a specialist after the Coagulation Profile Test.

Coagulation Profile Result Doctor to Visit Reason
High Hematologist Blood clotting disorder investigation
Normal Primary Care Routine coagulation assessment
Low Hematologist Bleeding disorder evaluation

 

Coagulation Profile Test Price

Here are the estimated Coagulation Profile Test Prices in India with different top cities:

City Price Range (INR)*
Mumbai 2000-3000
New Delhi 2500-3000
Bangalore 2000-3000
Hyderabad 2500-3000
Kolkata 2500-3000
Pune 2000-3000
Lucknow 2500-3000
Noida 2500-3000
Surat 2000-3000
Gurugram 2500-3000
Patna 2000-3000
Chennai 2500-3000
Jaipur 2000-3000
Ahmedabad 2500-3000

*Prices are approximate and vary depending on a specific laboratory or healthcare facility.

 

Summary

Overall, Coagulation Profile test assesses blood clotting ability, aiding diagnosis of clotting disorders. Also check Drlogy Test for detailed information about all medical tests for patients, doctors, scholers and medical students.

 

Reference

  • Coagulation Profile Test - Wikipedia [1].
  • Coagulation Tests - Clinical Methods - NIH [2].

 

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Coagulation Profile Test FAQ

What is a Coagulation Profile Test?

A Coagulation Profile Test, also known as a clotting profile or coagulation panel, is a blood test that assesses the blood's ability to clot properly. It helps diagnose bleeding disorders and monitor the effectiveness of anticoagulant medications.

Why is a Coagulation Profile Test done?

This test is performed to evaluate blood clotting disorders, assess the risk of excessive bleeding or clot formation, and monitor patients on blood-thinning medications like warfarin. It is crucial before surgeries, during pregnancy, and for various medical conditions.

How is the Coagulation Profile Test performed?

A healthcare professional draws a blood sample from a vein, typically in your arm. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis. Various factors are measured, including prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), and platelet count. The results help determine clotting status.

Is the Coagulation Profile Test painful?

The test itself is generally not painful. You may feel a brief pinch or discomfort when the needle is inserted to draw blood. Afterward, there may be mild bruising or soreness at the site, but this typically resolves quickly. If you experience excessive pain or bleeding, contact your healthcare provider.

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