AFP (Alpha Fetoprotein) Test For Pregnant Woman

AFP (Alpha Fetoprotein) Test For Pregnant Woman

AFP (Alpha Fetoprotein) Test is used to measure the level of AFP in the blood of a pregnant woman. This test aids in the detection and monitoring of various conditions, such as liver cancer, and germ cell tumors, and checks the baby's risk for having certain fetal abnormalities, genetic problems, and birth defects allowing for timely interventions and treatment decisions.

 

AFP Test

Here are the basic details for the AFP Test.

Also Known As Alpha-Fetoprotein Test, AFP test
Type Blood Test
Purpose Check Level of AFP in Blood
Sample Type Blood
Preparation No Special Preparation Required
Fasting No
Gender Female
Age-Group 18+
Normal Value 0 - 40 ng/mL
Reporting Time 2 Hours
Cost 700 - 1200 INR*

*Price range may vary as per location, lab type, and procedure of lab test.

 

AFP Test Full Form

The Full form of is AFP Test is Alpha Fetoprotein Test.

 

AFP Test Means

AFP (Alpha-fetoprotein) test measures the level of AFP in the blood.

  • AFP is a protein produced by the liver and yolk sac during fetal development.
  • The test is commonly used to screen for and monitor certain types of cancers, primarily liver cancer and germ cell tumors.
  • Elevated levels of AFP may indicate the presence of liver cancer, testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, or other conditions.
  • The test is typically performed through a blood sample collection and can provide valuable information for diagnosis and treatment monitoring.

 

AFP Test Purpose

Here is the purpose of AFP Test.

  • Screen for and monitor liver cancer.
  • Detect and monitor germ cell tumors, such as testicular or ovarian cancer.
  • Assess the effectiveness of cancer treatment.
  • Aid in the diagnosis of certain fetal abnormalities.
  • Monitor response to therapy for certain noncancerous liver diseases.

 

AFP Test: Price, Normal Range, Result, Purpose

 

AFP Test Preparation

Here is the basic preparation for AFP Test.

 

Before Test

  • Follow any instructions given by your healthcare provider, such as fasting requirements.
  • Inform your doctor about any medications, supplements, or vitamins you are taking.
  • Avoid activities that may impact AFP levels, such as vigorous exercise or sexual activity.

 

During Test

  • A blood sample will be collected, usually from a vein in your arm.
  • The area where the needle will be inserted may be cleaned with an antiseptic.
  • The blood will be drawn into a collection tube for analysis.

 

After Test

  • You can resume your normal activities and diet unless instructed otherwise by your healthcare provider.
  • Follow any additional instructions provided by your doctor regarding post-test care.
  • Await the test results, which will be communicated to you by your healthcare provider.

 

AFP Test Procedure

Here is the basic procedure for AFP Test.

  • A blood sample is collected from a vein, typically in the arm.
  • The area where the needle will be inserted is cleaned with an antiseptic.
  • A needle is inserted into the vein, and blood is drawn into a collection tube.
  • Once an adequate sample is obtained, the needle is removed, and pressure is applied to the puncture site to stop any bleeding.
  • The blood sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis of AFP levels.

 

AFP Test Result

Here are basic details for interpreting AFP Test Result.

  • Normal Range: AFP levels within the expected range for a healthy individual.
  • Elevated Levels: Higher than normal AFP levels may indicate liver cancer, germ cell tumors, or other conditions. Further evaluation is needed.
  • Decreased Levels: Lower than-normal AFP levels are less common and may require further investigation.

 

AFP Test Report

AFP Test Report - Drlogy Test

AFP Test Report PDF

 

AFP Test Normal Range

Here is the normal range for AFP Test.

Age Group AFP Normal Range
Adults 0 - 40 ng/mL
Pregnancy Varies throughout pregnancy, consult with a healthcare provider
Newborns Varies, consult with a healthcare provider

 

AFP Test Interpretation

Here is the interpretation for AFP Test.

Test Result Interpretation
Normal Range AFP levels are within the expected range for a healthy individual.
Elevated Levels Higher than normal AFP levels may indicate liver cancer, germ cell tumors, or other conditions. Further evaluation is needed.
Decreased Levels Lower than normal AFP levels are less common and may require further investigation.

 

Specimen Requirements For AFP Test

Here are the specimen requirements for the AFP Test.

Specimen Serum
Volume 2 ml
Container Light green top tube

 

AFP Test is Safe?

The AFP test is generally considered safe and carries minimal risks.

  • It is a routine blood test that involves a simple blood sample collection.
  • Some individuals may experience slight discomfort or bruising at the site of blood collection, but serious complications are rare.

 

When Do You Get AFP Test Results?

The turnaround time for AFP test results can vary depending on the laboratory and testing method used.

  • In general, results are typically available within a 2 hours.
  • Your healthcare provider will inform you about the specific timeline for receiving your test results.

 

AFP Test Limitation

Here are some possible limitations of the AFP Test.

  • False positives can occur due to non-cancerous conditions.
  • False negatives can occur in early-stage cancers.
  • Limited specificity for detecting specific cancer types.
  • Not suitable for screening all types of cancers.
  • Results can be affected by liver disease.

 

AFP Test Risk Factors

Here is the potential risk factor of the AFP Test.

  • Chronic hepatitis B or C infection increases AFP levels.
  • Liver cirrhosis is associated with elevated AFP levels.
  • Certain liver cancers, such as hepatocellular carcinoma, can cause AFP levels to rise.

 

Doctor Recommendations After AFP Test Result

Here are Doctor recommendations or consult a specialist after AFP Test

AFP Test Results Doctor to Visit Reason
High Oncologist or Gynecologist Possible cancer or liver disease
Normal General Practitioner Routine monitoring or general health
Low General Practitioner Non-specific or normal in some cases

 

AFP Test Price

Here are the estimated AFP Test Price in India with top different cities:

City Price Range (INR)*
Mumbai 700 - 1200
New Delhi 800 - 1200
Bangalore 700 - 1200
Hyderabad 800 - 1200
Kolkata 700 - 1200
Pune 800 - 1200
Lucknow 700 - 1200
Noida 700 - 1200
Surat 800 - 1200
Gurugram 700 - 1200
Patna 800 - 1200
Chennai 700 - 1200
Jaipur 800 - 1200
Ahmedabad 800 - 1200

*Prices are approximate and vary depending on a specific laboratory or healthcare facility.

 

 

Summary

Overall, AFP Test serves as a valuable tool in screening, monitoring, and diagnosing various conditions, including liver cancer, germ cell tumors, and fetal abnormalities, providing crucial information for effective management and treatment decisions.  Also check Drlogy Test for detailed information about all medical tests for patients, doctors, scholers and medical students.

 

Reference

  • Alpha-fetoprotein- Wikipedia [1].
  • Alpha Fetoprotein AFP- NIH [2].

 

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AFP Test FAQ

What does a negative AFP mean?

A negative alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) test means that the AFP levels in the blood are within the normal range or below the cutoff value established by the laboratory. A negative AFP result typically suggests a lower likelihood of certain conditions, such as liver cancer or certain fetal abnormalities. However, it's important to note that a negative AFP test does not completely rule out the possibility of these conditions. Further evaluation and diagnostic tests may still be necessary, especially if other clinical signs or symptoms are present.

What to do if AFP is elevated?

If alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels are elevated, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for further evaluation. The appropriate course of action depends on the context and suspected underlying condition. Additional diagnostic tests, such as imaging studies (ultrasound, CT scan, MRI) or biopsies, may be recommended to investigate the cause of elevated AFP. The specific treatment or management plan will depend on the underlying condition diagnosed and may involve therapies such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or ongoing monitoring and surveillance.

What does positive AFP mean?

A positive AFP (alpha-fetoprotein) result typically indicates elevated levels of this protein in the blood. AFP is produced by the liver and yolk sac during fetal development, and its levels decrease significantly after birth. In adults, high AFP levels may be associated with certain conditions, including liver diseases (such as hepatocellular carcinoma, liver cirrhosis, or hepatitis), germ cell tumors (testicular or ovarian cancers), and neural tube defects during pregnancy.

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