ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate) Test For Inflammation

ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate) Test For Inflammation

An ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate) Test is a blood test that can show if you have inflammation in your body.

 

ESR Test

Here is basic information about ESR Test.

Also Known As Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Test, SED rate sedimentation rate test, Westergren sedimentation rate test
Type Blood Test
Purpose
Measure Erythrocytes Rate & Inflammation in Body
Sample Type Blood
Preparation No Special Preparation Required
Gender Unisex
Age-Group Above 10 Years
Fasting No
Normal Value 0-20 mm/hr
Reporting Time 4 - 8 hrs
Cost 100 - 300 INR*

*Price range may vary as per location, lab type, and procedure of lab test.

 

ESR Test Full Form

The Full form of ESR Test is Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Test.

 

What is ESR Test

  • ESR stands for erythrocyte sedimentation rate, which is a test used to measure the rate at which erythrocytes (red blood cells) settle in a tube over a period of one hour.
  • The test is non-specific and can be used to indicate the presence of inflammation in the body, but it cannot diagnose a specific condition.
  • ESR test results are affected by a number of factors, including age, sex, and medical conditions such as anemia, pregnancy, and infection.
  • The test involves taking a blood sample from a vein in the arm and measuring the distance that the red blood cells settle in the tube over a period of one hour.
  • The ESR test is a simple and relatively inexpensive test that can provide important information about a person's health status, but it should always be interpreted in conjunction with other clinical findings and diagnostic tests.

Interesting Facts About ESR

  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is a non-specific marker of inflammation in the body.
  • It measures the rate at which red blood cells settle in a tube of blood over time.
  • ESR can be influenced by various factors, including age, gender, and certain medical conditions.

 

ESR Test Purpose

Here are some of the purposes of the ESR test:

  • ESR stands for erythrocyte sedimentation rate, which is a non-specific blood test used to detect inflammation in the body.
  • The test measures the rate at which red blood cells settle in a tube over a period of time. The faster the rate, the more inflammation there is in the body.
  • ESR is used to diagnose and monitor the progression of various inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and certain infections.
  • It is also used to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for these conditions and to evaluate unexplained fever, muscle pain, or other symptoms that could be related to inflammation.
  • ESR is a simple, inexpensive test that can provide valuable information to healthcare providers about a patient's health status.

 

ESR Blood Test Price Normal Range Results Purpose Meaning and Interpretation - Drlogy Test

 

ESR Test Preparation

There is no specific preparation required for an ESR test. However, here are some general guidelines:

 

Before the test:

  • No special diet or fasting is needed
  • Inform your doctor of any medications you are taking as some medications may affect the ESR test results

 

During the test:

  • A blood sample will be taken from a vein in your arm, typically in the elbow area
  • The area will be cleaned with an antiseptic and a needle will be inserted into the vein
  • A small amount of blood will be collected into a tube.

 

After the test:

  • You can resume normal activities immediately
  • You may experience some bruising or soreness at the puncture site, which can be relieved by applying a warm compress.

Summary

There is no specific preparation required for an ESR test, and it involves a blood sample taken from a vein in your arm, with no restrictions on activities afterward.

 

ESR Test Procedure

Here are the steps involved in the ESR test procedure:

  1. A healthcare professional will clean the area around the patient's elbow and ask them to sit or lie down.
  2. The healthcare professional will then insert a needle into the patient's vein and collect a small amount of blood in a test tube.
  3. The collected blood is mixed with a chemical solution that prevents it from clotting.
  4. The test tube is then placed in a special stand and left undisturbed for an hour to allow the red blood cells to settle to the bottom of the tube.
  5. After one hour, the healthcare professional will measure the distance between the top of the blood and the top of the settled red blood cells. This distance is called the "erythrocyte sedimentation rate" or ESR, which is reported in millimeters per hour (mm/hr).

It is important to note that there are different methods for measuring ESR, and the procedure may vary slightly depending on the specific method used by the laboratory. You can also read ESR Test in Hindi details if you are not aware of the procedure from doctors.

 

ESR Test Result

The ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) test measures the rate at which red blood cells settle at the bottom of a tube in a period of one hour. The result of the ESR test can indicate the presence of inflammation in the body.

  • A high ESR result may indicate the presence of an inflammatory condition, such as arthritis, chronic conditions, lupus, or infection.
  • A normal or low ESR result typically indicates the absence of significant inflammation in the body.
  • The ESR test result should be interpreted in conjunction with other clinical findings, such as physical examination and other laboratory tests.

 

ESR Test Report

ESR Test Report - Drlogy Test

ESR Test Report PDF

 

ESR Normal Range

Here is value of ESR Normal Range female and male with age group.

Age Group ESR Normal Range in Male  ESR Normal Range in Female
0-15 0-15 mm/hr 0-20 mm/hr
15-50 0-20 mm/hr 0-30 mm/hr
Over 50 0-30 mm/hr 0-40 mm/hr

Note: The normal range may vary slightly depending on the laboratory where the test is conducted. This table is just a general guideline. It's important to discuss your ESR test results with your healthcare provider along with ESR Normal Range value.

 

ESR Test Interpretation

Here's an example of ESR Test Interpretation:

ESR Level Interpretation
0-20 mm/hr Normal ESR level
21-50 mm/hr Mildly elevated ESR level may indicate inflammation or infection
51-100 mm/hr Moderately elevated ESR levels may indicate infection, inflammation, or autoimmune disease
>100 mm/hr Significantly elevated ESR levels may indicate severe infection, inflammation, or autoimmune disease

 

Specimen Requirments For ESR Test

Here are the specimen requirements for ESR Test.

Specimen Whole Blood
Volume 1.6 ml
Container Lavender-top (EDTA) microcollection tube

 

ESR Test High Levels

Here is a potential reason for your ESR test high causes:

ESR Test High Causes Description
Inflammatory conditions ESR levels may increase in response to inflammation in the body, such as infections, autoimmune disorders, and certain cancers
Pregnancy ESR levels tend to be higher in pregnant women
Anemia ESR levels may be elevated in individuals with anemia, particularly those with iron-deficiency anemia
Advanced age ESR levels tend to increase with age
Kidney disease ESR levels may be higher in individuals with kidney disease
Thyroid disease Certain thyroid disorders, such as hypothyroidism, may cause elevated ESR levels
Medications Certain medications, such as oral contraceptives, can increase ESR levels

 

ESR Test Low Levels

Here is a potential reason for your ESR test low levels causes:

Potential Causes of Low ESR Levels Description
Dehydration Reduced fluid volume in the body
Polycythemia High red blood cell count
Hypofibrinogenemia Low levels of fibrinogen, a clotting protein
Sickle cell anemia Inherited blood disorder causing abnormal red blood cells
Leukocytosis High white blood cell count
Hyperviscosity syndrome Increased thickness of blood due to various conditions
Hyperalbuminemia High levels of albumin, a protein in the blood
Congestive heart failure Impaired heart function leads to fluid retention
Hyperthyroidism Overactive thyroid gland
Medications (such as corticosteroids) Certain drugs can affect ESR levels

Summary

High ESR levels can indicate the presence of inflammation or an underlying medical condition, while low ESR levels are typically within the normal range and may not be of concern.

 

ESR Test is Safe?

ESR test is a safe procedure and generally has no side effects.

  • ESR test is a non-invasive blood test and involves minimal risk.
  • There is no need for any special preparation before the test, and no restrictions afterward.
  • However, as with any medical procedure, there is a slight chance of infection or bruising at the site of the blood draw.

 

When Do You Get ESR Test Results?

  • The ESR test results are usually available within 4-8 hours after the test.
  • It may vary depending on the laboratory and the healthcare provider who ordered the test. It is best to follow up with the healthcare provider to get the test results.

 

ESR Test Limitation

Here are some possible limitations of the ESR Test.

  • Non-specific marker of inflammation.
  • Can be influenced by various factors, such as age and gender.
  • Limited diagnostic value for specific diseases.
  • Results can be affected by medications and underlying conditions.
  • Cannot differentiate between acute and chronic inflammation.

 

ESR Test Risk Factors

Here is the potential risk factor of the ESR Test.

  • Non-specific marker, not indicative of a specific disease.
  • Can be influenced by factors such as age, gender, and anemia.
  • Elevated levels may be seen in various conditions including infections, inflammation, and autoimmune disorders.
  • Limited ability to monitor disease progression or response to treatment.
  • Results may be affected by medications, such as corticosteroids.

 

Doctor Recommendations After ESR Test Result

Here are Doctor recommendations or consult a specialist after ESR Test.

ESR Test Result Doctor to Visit Reason to Visit
High Rheumatologist Possible inflammation or infection
Normal Primary Care Routine check or further evaluation
Low Primary Care Potential underlying health issues

 

ESR Test Price

Here are the estimated ESR Test Price in India with different top cities:

City Price Range (INR)*
Mumbai 100 - 300
New Delhi 150 - 300
Bangalore 150 - 300
Hyderabad 100 - 300
Kolkata 150 - 300
Pune 100 - 300
Lucknow 150 - 300
Noida 100 - 300
Surat 150 - 300
Gurugram 100 - 300
Patna 150 - 300
Chennai 100 - 300
Jaipur 150 - 300
Ahmedabad 150 - 300

*Prices are approximate and vary depending on a specific laboratory or healthcare facility.

 

Summary

Overall, ESR Test is safe test to measure the rate at which red blood cells settle in a tube of blood, providing a nonspecific indication of inflammation in the body. Also check Drlogy Test for detailed information about all medical tests for patients, doctors, scholers and medical students.

 

Reference

  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate Wikipedia [1].
  • Sed rate (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) [2].

 

 

 

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ESR Test FAQ

What is an ESR test?

  • The ESR test is a simple blood test that measures the rate at which red blood cells settle at the bottom of a tube over a specified period.
  • It is a non-specific test used to detect inflammation in the body. Inflammation causes certain proteins to increase in the blood, which can make red blood cells clump together and settle faster.

Why is an ESR test done?

The ESR test is commonly used as a screening tool to assess the presence and severity of inflammation in the body.

  • It can help diagnose or monitor conditions such as infections, autoimmune diseases (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, lupus), certain cancers, and chronic inflammatory disorders.
  • The test may also be used to evaluate the response to treatment or monitor disease activity over time.

How is an ESR test performed?

The ESR test involves taking a blood sample, typically from a vein in the arm.

  • The blood is collected into a special tube and allowed to stand upright for a specified period, usually one hour.
  • The distance that the red blood cells have fallen in the tube (measured in millimeters) is the ESR value, which is then reported.

What do the results of an ESR test mean?

The ESR test results are interpreted in conjunction with other clinical findings and diagnostic tests.

  • Higher ESR values indicate a higher rate of red blood cell settling, which may be associated with inflammation or certain medical conditions.
  • However, it's important to note that an elevated ESR alone is not diagnostic of a specific disease and further evaluation is required to determine the underlying cause of the inflammation.
  • Additional tests and examinations may be needed to establish a diagnosis and guide appropriate treatment.

How can I reduce my ESR?

To reduce ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate), it is important to address the underlying cause. ESR is a marker of inflammation in the body, so reducing inflammation can help lower ESR levels. Here are some general tips: 1) Follow a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. 2) Engage in regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and promote overall well-being. 3) Manage stress through relaxation techniques like meditation or yoga. 4) Get enough sleep to support your body's healing processes. 5) If you have an underlying condition causing high ESR, work with your healthcare provider to develop an appropriate treatment plan. Remember, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice.

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