Present Value of Growth Opportunities (PVGO) Calculator

Present Value of Growth Opportunities (PVGO) Calculator

PVGO Calculator

Earnings per share (EPS)

Present value of growth opprtunities (PVGO)


PVGO Calculator 

  • PVGO calculator helps investors evaluate how much a company's growth opportunities are worth and whether it's worth investing in the company's stock.
  • A higher PVGO implies that the company has significant growth potential, which may make it a more attractive investment opportunity.


What is PVGO

  • PVGO calculation estimates how much the company's expected future earnings growth will add to its stock price.


PVGO Full Form

  • PVGO stands for "Present Value of Growth Opportunities."


PVGO Meaning

  • It is a financial metric that calculates the value of a company's growth opportunities beyond its current assets and earnings.
  • Essentially, the PVGO formula takes into account the company's earnings growth rate and cost of equity to determine the present value of its future earnings growth.
  • By subtracting the PVGO from the current stock price, we can estimate the value of the company's current assets and earnings, which is called the "earnings capitalization" or "present value of current operations."


Steps To Calculate PVGO

Here are basic steps to calculate PVGO by using above calculator.

  1. Enter Earnings
  2. Enter Number of Shares Outstanding
  3. Check Earning Per Share (EPS) Value
  4. Enter Share Price
  5. Enter Cost of Equity
  6. Check PVGO Value


PVGO Formula

Here is formula to calculate PVGO.

EPS = earnings / number of shares outstanding

PVGO = share price - EPS / cost of equity


How To Calculate PVGO

Here's an example of how to calculate PVGO range can vary based on the industry:

  • Industry: Technology
  • Company: Apple Inc.
  • Current Stock Price: $150.00
  • Estimated Earnings Growth Rate: 10%
  • Risk-Free Rate: 2%
  • Market Risk Premium: 6%


Using the formula

PVGO = (Expected Earnings per Share / (Required Rate of Return - Expected Earnings Growth Rate)) - Current Earnings per Share, we can calculate the PVGO for Apple Inc. as follows:

PVGO = ($9.42 / (0.08 - 0.10)) - $39.47

PVGO = $188.40 - $39.47

PVGO = $148.93

  • In this case, the PVGO represents about 99% of the current stock price, which is a high range but not uncommon for a technology company that is expected to have significant growth opportunities.
  • However, the PVGO range can vary significantly based on the industry and other factors, so it's important to analyze each company on a case-by-case basis.


Positive PVGO Meaning

  • A positive PVGO (Present Value of Growth Opportunities) indicates that the expected future earnings growth opportunities of a company are significant enough to justify a stock price higher than its current earnings per share or dividend payout.
  • In other words, investors are willing to pay more for the stock due to the potential future growth of the company.
  • This can be a positive sign for the company's future prospects and may attract more investors.


Negative PVGO Meaning

  • A negative PVGO (Present Value of Growth Opportunities) value means that the stock's current market price is primarily based on the present value of the company's current earnings, and there is little or no value being attributed to the company's future growth opportunities.
  • This could indicate that the market has a negative view of the company's future growth potential, or that the company has limited opportunities for growth.
  • Alternatively, it could indicate that the market is overvaluing the company's current earnings and that the stock is overpriced.
  • Investors should be cautious when interpreting a negative PVGO value, as it could be a sign of underlying issues with the company's operations or prospects.
  • However, it is important to consider other financial metrics and factors, such as the company's industry, competitors, and market trends, before making any investment decisions based on a single metric.


Positive Impact Of PVGO on Business

A higher PVGO figure generally indicates a higher growth potential for the company, which can be positive for investors. Here's an example table showing PVGO figures for hypothetical companies:

Company Current Market Price EPS Required Rate of Return Payout Ratio Expected Growth Rate PVGO
Company A $50 $2 10% 50% 5% $5
Company B $100 $5 8% 40% 10% $30
Company C $75 $3 12% 30% 8% -$5
Company D $120 $6 9% 20% 15% $60


  • In this example, Company B has the highest PVGO figure of $30, indicating that it has significant future growth potential that is not yet reflected in its current stock price.
  • On the other hand, Company C has a negative PVGO of -$5, which suggests that its current stock price may be too high given its expected future growth opportunities.


PVGO Calculator Benefits

Using a PVGO calculator can have several benefits, including:

  1. Time-saving: A PVGO calculator can save time by quickly and accurately calculating the present value of growth opportunities for a company, without the need for manual calculations.
  2. Accuracy: A PVGO calculator can provide more accurate results than manual calculations, reducing the risk of errors due to human error or miscalculation.
  3. Easy to use: PVGO calculators are typically easy to use and require minimal input, making them accessible to a wider range of users, including those without advanced financial knowledge.
  4. Comparison: A PVGO calculator can be used to compare different companies or investment opportunities, helping investors to make informed decisions about where to invest their money.
  5. Flexibility: Many PVGO calculators allow users to adjust inputs such as earnings, growth rates, and discount rates, providing greater flexibility and customization for specific investment scenarios.



Overall, using a PVGO calculator can help investors and financial analysts to make more informed investment decisions by providing accurate and reliable calculations of the present value of growth opportunities for a company. Check More Financial Related Calculator on Drlogy Calculator to get exact business and financial solution for growth.



  • Present value of growth opportunities - Wikipedia [1].
  • Present Value of Growth Opportunities (PVGO) [2].


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