- The LDL calculator estimates the number of low density lipoproteins – complex particles that carry lipids in the blood.
- Their concentration is a very important parameter for predicting arteriosclerotic risk, but its direct measurement is not a part of the diagnostic routine.
- Calculates LDL based on total and HDL cholesterol and triglycerides.
- Instead, the patient's LDL is calculated and presented as LDL-C. It is universally accepted to use the Friedewald equation to do so.
Check Other Related Cholesterol Calculators:
Steps For LDL Calculator
- Enter Your Total Cholesterol
- Enter Your High Density Lipoprotein
- Enter Your Triglycerides Value
- LDL or Low density lipoprotein cholesterol is the most common type of cholesterol found in your blood.
- Each LDL particle is made up of a lipoprotein coat and a cholesterol center.
- LDL cholesterol is considered the “bad” cholesterol because it contributes to fatty buildup in arteries (atherosclerosis).
- This narrows the arteries and increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, and peripheral artery disease (PAD).
LDL Calculator Formula
- The Friedewald equation is the widely used method to calculate LDL-C concentration when a lipid panel is performed.
The equation is
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) = Total cholesterol – HDL cholesterol – (triglycerides/5)
- where “triglycerides/5” is used to represent very low-density lipoprotein-C (VLDL-C).
- This equation provides a reliable estimate of LDL-C in most cases when the triglyceride concentration is between 1.13 and 4.35 mmol/L (100 to 400 mg/dL).
Calculate Total Cholesterol From HDL LDL Calculator
- Transform the Friedewald equation:LDL = TC - HDL - 0.2 × TGTC = LDL + HDL + 0.2 × TG
LDL level, mg/dL
||Near optimal/above optimal
LDL Risk Levels
- Very High Risk: guidelines suggest <70mg/dL may be a reasonable option, but data may suggest there is a little incremental benefit to this extreme but with a high associated cost.
- High Risk (known CAD, known other atherosclerotic disease, diabetes, etc): <100 mg/dL.
- Moderate Risk (>1 risk factor): <130 mg/dL.
- Lower Risk (0-1 risk factors): <160 mg/dL.
Normal LDL Level
- For adults, LDL cholesterol levels should be less than 100 mg/dL.
- Levels of 100 to 129 mg/dL do not indicate risks for healthy people but may be a warning for those with heart disease or heart disease risk factors.
- A reading of 130 to 159 mg/dL is borderline high and 160 to 189 mg/dL is high.
- A reading of 190 mg/dL or higher is considered very high and calls for immediate medical help.
- LDL cholesterol levels for children should be even lower than that of adults.
- The optimal range of LDL cholesterol for a child is less than 110 mg/dL.
- Borderline high is from 110 to 129 mg/dL while high is over 130 mg/dL.
Importance of LDL Cholesterol
- Elevated low-density lipoproteins cholesterol results in numerous health problems in the human body, including cardiovascular disease.
- However, correct proportions of LDL are needed and have certain benefits as per our body's needs.
- The presence of LDL plays an important part in gaining muscle mass during resistance training as per medical research.
- Our tissues need cholesterol, and LDL provides it.
- Once the repair is done, HDL, the good cholesterol restores things back.
- Apart from this LDL acts like a watchdog in the body and warns us in case there is an increase in cholesterol levels in the body.
Tips For Lower LDL Cholesterol
- Your doctor might prescribe drugs to replace clinical judgment.
- Take them as prescribed, usually every day.
- Quit smoking.
- Increase the soluble and insoluble fiber intake (eat oats, nuts, whole grains, pulses, vegetables, and fruit).
- Reduce the trans fats intake - preferably to zero.
- You'll find them in ready cakes and salty snacks.
- Minimize the saturated fatty acids intake.
- Leave off lard, butter, fatty meats, and cheese.
- Practice physical activity regularly.
Natural Way to Control LDL Cholesterol
- The right kind of food, proper exercise, and quitting a few bad habits can easily bring down your LDL.
- Apart from all the other injurious effects that smoking and drinking have on your body, they also play a part in reducing the good HDL cholesterol which keeps your heart safe.
- calculate LDL cholesterol to know how you can make a diet plan and schedule
- We have listed below the kind of foods and exercises that help you to stay healthy by reducing the LDL levels in your body.
LDL Cholesterol Normal Range
Here is the ideal range to calculate LDL Cholesterol levels category-wise.
|LDL Cholesterol Level
|Less than 100mg/dL
||Slightly above recommended
|190 mg/dL and above
LDL Cholesterol Diagnosis
- The best way to find out if you have too much LDL cholesterol is to have your doctor order a blood test that checks your levels.
- Your doctor will also request and review your family history, as high cholesterol can sometimes be hereditary.
- The test your doctor will likely order is called a lipid panel.
- This panel shows your LDL, HDL, and other types of non-HDL cholesterol that can raise your risk of complications.
- You will be diagnosed with “high cholesterol” if your non-HDL cholesterol level is higher than what your doctor thinks is ideal for you.
- Your doctor will also review your lab tests to see if your HDL, the healthy cholesterol, is too low.
- There may be follow-up tests and visits if your doctor is concerned that you may need medication or further intervention.
Foods to Lower LDL Cholesterol
- Beans are especially rich in soluble fiber.
- With so many choices - from navy and kidney beans to lentils, garbanzos, black-eyed peas, and beyond — and so many ways to prepare them, beans are a very versatile food.
- They also take a while for the body to digest, meaning you feel full for longer after a meal.
- That's one reason beans are a useful food for folks trying to lose weight.
Eggplant and Okra
- These two low-calorie vegetables are good sources of soluble fiber.
- A bushel of studies shows that eating almonds, walnuts, peanuts, and other nuts is good for the heart.
- Eating 2 ounces of nuts a day can slightly lower LDL, on the order of 5%.
- Nuts have additional nutrients that protect the heart in other ways.
- Using liquid vegetable oils such as canola, sunflower, safflower, and others in place of butter, lard, or shortening when cooking or at the table helps lower LDL.
- Apples, grapes, strawberries, citrus fruits. These fruits are rich in pectin, a type of soluble fiber that lowers LDL.
- Eating soybeans and foods made from them, like tofu and soy milk, was once touted as a powerful way to lower cholesterol.
- Analyses show that the effect is more modest — consuming 25 grams of soy protein a day (10 ounces of tofu or 2 1/2 cups of soy milk) can lower LDL by 5% to 6%.
- Eating fish two or three times a week can lower LDL in two ways: by replacing meat, which has LDL-boosting saturated fats, and by delivering LDL-lowering omega-3 fats.
- Omega-3s reduce triglycerides in the bloodstream and also protect the heart by helping prevent the onset of abnormal heart rhythms.
- Supplements offer the least appealing way to get soluble fiber.
- Two teaspoons a day of psyllium, which is found in Metamucil and other bulk-forming laxatives, provide about 4 grams of soluble fiber.
- An easy first step to lowering your cholesterol is having a bowl of oatmeal or cold oat-based cereal like Cheerios for breakfast.
- It gives you 1 to 2 grams of soluble fiber.
- Add a banana or some strawberries for another half-gram.
- Current nutrition guidelines recommend getting 20 to 35 grams of fiber a day, with at least 5 to 10 grams coming from soluble fiber.
Barley and other whole grains
- Like oats and oat bran, barley and other whole grains can help lower the risk of heart disease, mainly via the soluble fiber they deliver.
Steps To Lower LDL Cholesterol
- Statins are the most commonly prescribed medication for high cholesterol.
- They have been shown to lower the risk of heart attack and stroke in individuals with high LDL
- These medications are sometimes prescribed if statins are not effective.
- These medications are prescribed if an individual cannot take statins, or if their cholesterol levels need to be lowered more than statins alone can.
- PCSK9 inhibitors are injected into the skin every couple of weeks and are prescribed when someone is at an unusually high risk for complications
All Cholesterol Calculators
Overall, LDL calculator provides optimal LDL cholesterol levels that vary depending on individual health status and risk factors for heart disease and stroke. Check More Medical Health Related Calculator on Drlogy Calculator to get exact health solution.
- LDL: The "Bad" Cholesterol .
- LDL Cholesterol: What It Is & How to Lower It .