Must Required Medical Lab Equipment For Starting a New Pathology Lab


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Must Required Medical Lab Equipment For Starting a New Pathology Lab

After Growth Opportunities, lab location, design, and registration now Dr. SMART, ensured that he had the essential medical lab equipment such as microscopes, centrifuges, analyzers, and refrigerators using the below Drlogy Pathology Lab Setup Guide. He also invested in advanced equipment for specialized testing and research to offer a wide range of pathology services to his clients.


Must Required Equipment For Starting Pathology Lab

Here are two types of required Equipments for the New pathology Lab Setup:

  1. Medical Equipment
  2. Non-Medical Equipment

Must Required Medical and Non-medical Equipment To Start New Pathology Lab in India - Drlogy Pathology Lab Setup Guide


1. Medical Equipment for Pathology Lab:

Here are some of the essential medical equipment that is typically required for starting a pathology lab in small, medium, and large sizes:


Small Pathology Lab:

Here are some of the essential medical equipment that is typically required for starting a small pathology lab:

  1. Microscopes: Basic compound microscopes for examining slides and specimens.
  2. Centrifuges: Tabletop centrifuges for separating components of blood and other samples.
  3. Hematology Analyzer: A compact analyzer for performing complete blood count (CBC) tests.
  4. Chemistry or Biochemistry analyzers: Instruments used to measure chemical components in samples, aiding in the diagnosis and monitoring of various diseases.
  5. Incubator: Small-sized incubator for culturing and growing microorganisms.
  6. pH Meter: Instrument for measuring the acidity or alkalinity of solutions.
  7. Weighing Scale: Accurate weighing scale for measuring sample and reagent quantities.
  8. Safety Equipment: Personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, lab coats, and safety goggles.
  9. Laboratory Consumables: Various consumables like slides, cover slips, test tubes, and pipettes.


Interesting Facts About Small Pathology Labs Medical Equipment

  • Small pathology labs in India leverage advanced medical equipments to deliver accurate diagnoses, contributing to improved patient outcomes.
  • The use of compact and portable medical equipments in small pathology labs allows for greater accessibility to healthcare, particularly in rural and underserved areas.
  • Innovative medical equipments in small pathology labs enable efficient and cost-effective testing, supporting the affordability of healthcare services.

Medium Pathology Lab:

All the above equipment requirements for a Small pathology lab including some of the essential medical types of equipment that are typically required for starting a medium lab:

  1. Automated Hematology Analyzer: A more advanced and efficient analyzer for CBC and blood chemistry analysis.
  2. Automated Biochemistry analyzers: Instruments used to measure chemical components in samples, aiding in the diagnosis and monitoring of various diseases.
  3. Urine analyzers: Devices that automate the analysis of urine samples, providing insights into urinary tract infections, kidney diseases, and metabolic disorders.
  4. Coagulation analyzers: Machines that assess blood clotting ability, aiding in the diagnosis and monitoring of bleeding disorders.
  5. Blood gas analyzers: Instruments for measuring gases and electrolytes in the blood, providing information about respiratory and metabolic status.
  6. Electrolyte analyzers: Devices that measure essential electrolyte levels, helping assess fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.
  7. Immunoassay analyzers: Equipment for detecting and quantifying specific substances in samples, aiding in the measurement of hormones, tumour markers, drugs, and more.
  8. PCR Machines: Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) machines are used for amplifying specific DNA sequences through a process of heating and cooling. They are integral to molecular biology research and diagnostic testing.


Interesting Facts About Medium Pathology Lab in Medical Equipment

  • Medium-sized pathology labs in India utilize a diverse range of advanced medical equipment to handle a higher volume of tests, catering to a larger patient population.
  • The use of automated medical equipment in medium pathology labs enhances efficiency, reduces human error, and improves turnaround times for test results.
  • Medium pathology labs often adopt integrated laboratory information systems (LIS) that streamline data management and result reporting, enhancing workflow and patient care coordination.


Large Pathology Lab

All the above equipment requirements for a Small pathology lab including some of the essential medical types of equipment that are typically required for starting a Large pathology lab:

  1. Automated Analyzers: Fully automated analyzers for hematology, clinical chemistry, and immunoassays.
  2. Molecular Diagnostic Equipment: PCR machines, DNA sequencers, and other instruments for molecular testing and genetic analysis.
  3. Digital Imaging System: High-resolution digital imaging system for capturing and analyzing microscopic images.
  4. Laboratory Automation Systems: Robotic systems for sample handling, processing, and automated workflows.
  5. Spectrophotometers: Instruments used to measure the intensity of light absorbed or emitted by a sample at specific wavelengths. Spectrophotometers are commonly used in biochemical and molecular biology assays and analyses.
  6. Incubators: Used to control and maintain temperature, humidity, and other environmental conditions necessary for cultivating and growing microorganisms, cells, or tissues.


These are some of the fundamental medical equipment that you may need when opening a new lab. However, it is important to thoroughly assess your specific needs and consult with experts in your field to ensure that you have all the necessary equipment and equipment required for your specific laboratory and research objectives.


Interesting Facts About Large Pathology Labs in Medical Equipments

  • In large pathology labs, the sheer size of the medical Equipments can sometimes lead to amusing moments, like technicians doing playful "struggles" to maneuver large equipment through narrow spaces.
  • With a high volume of tests, large pathology labs may have comical incidents where samples and medical Equipments get mixed up, resulting in harmless confusion and laughter among the staff.
  • Large pathology labs often organize fun events and competitions centered around medical equipments, such as "fastest pipetting" or "precision pipette balancing," showcasing both skill and humor among the lab professionals.


2. Non-Medical Equipment for Pathology Lab:

There are several non-medical types of equipment and supplies that are essential for starting a pathology lab in India. These equipment and supplies help in managing the administrative, operational, and safety aspects of the lab. 


Here are some must-required non-medical Equipment for starting a pathology lab:

  1. Computers and Software: Computers with appropriate specifications and software for managing laboratory information, generating reports, and maintaining patient records. This may include laboratory information management system (LIMS) software.
  2. Office Furniture: Desks, chairs, filing cabinets, and other necessary furniture for administrative tasks, record-keeping, and staff workspace.
  3. Printer and Scanner: High-quality printer and scanner for generating hard copies of reports and scanning documents for electronic storage and archiving.
  4. Laboratory Supplies: Various non-medical supplies are needed for day-to-day lab operations, including laboratory glassware (beakers, test tubes, pipettes), plasticware, slides, coverslips, and lab consumables (gloves, disposable lab coats, masks, and safety goggles).
  5. Labels and Barcoding: Labels, barcode printers, and barcode scanners for accurate sample identification and tracking throughout the laboratory workflow.
  6. Safety Equipment: Fire extinguishers, safety signs, first aid kits, and safety cabinets for proper storage and handling of hazardous chemicals and materials.
  7. Waste Disposal Systems: Biohazard waste disposal containers, sharps containers, and appropriate waste management systems for safe disposal of laboratory waste following regulatory guidelines.
  8. Power Backup: Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) or generator to ensure continuous power supply and protect sensitive equipment during power outages.
  9. Cleaning Supplies: Cleaning agents, disinfectants, and cleaning equipment for maintaining a clean and hygienic laboratory environment.
  10. Security Systems: Security cameras, access control systems, and alarm systems to ensure the security and integrity of the laboratory premises.
  11. Documentation and Record-Keeping: Stationery supplies, logbooks, and documentation Equipment for maintaining accurate records of tests, results, and patient information.
  12. Refrigerators and Freezers: Laboratory-grade refrigerators and freezers for storing reagents, samples, and temperature-sensitive materials at the required temperatures.


Pathology Lab Type

Refrigerators Sizes

Small Lab

100-300 Liters

Medium Lab

300-600 Liters

Large Lab

600+ Liters


These non-medical Equipment and supplies are crucial for the smooth operation and management of a pathology lab. Additionally, it is important to comply with the guidelines and regulations set by the appropriate regulatory authorities, such as the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and local health departments, regarding administrative processes, record-keeping, and safety measures.


Here is the Requirement of Non-Medical Equipment for the Pathology Lab according to Lab Size

Non-Medical Equipment

Small Lab

Medium Lab

Large Lab

Computers and Software




Office Furniture

Basic setup

Additional chairs, desks, cabinets

Additional furniture for administrative tasks and staff workspace

Printer and Scanner




Laboratory Supplies

Basic stock

Moderate stock

Extensive stock

Labels and Barcoding

Barcoding system

Barcoding system

Advanced barcoding system

Safety Equipment


Enhanced safety measures

Comprehensive safety measures

Waste Disposal Systems

Standard waste disposal system

Proper waste segregation and disposal systems

Advanced waste management systems

Refrigerators and Freezers

1 small to medium-sized units

1-2 medium-sized units or combination refrigerator-freezer units

Multiple large capacity units or walk-in refrigerators

Power Backup

UPS system

UPS system

UPS system and backup generator

Cleaning Supplies

Basic setup

Enhanced cleaning supplies

Extensive cleaning supplies

Security Systems

Basic security measures

Enhanced security measures

Advanced security systems

Documentation and Record-Keeping

Basic stationery supplies

Additional record-keeping Equipment

Advanced record-keeping systems


Interesting Facts About Non-Medical Equipment in Pathology Lab

  • Pathology labs in India often employ state-of-the-art robotic sample handling systems, which automate the process of sample sorting, labeling, and tracking. 
  • Virtual microscopy systems have gained popularity in pathology labs in India.
  • Pathology labs in India are increasingly adopting artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) algorithms to assist in the analysis and interpretation of medical images and data.  


Pathology Lab Setup Guide

A comprehensive guide to help you set up your own or start a new pathology lab from scratch to explore a full pathology lab growth potential like Dr. SMART for opening a new lab in India with detailed information.


For Pathology Lab Growth Using New Advanced Technology Check:

Best Pathology Lab Software in India

1. Growth Opportunity 8. Software
2. Lab Location 9. Marketing
3. Design & Structure 10. Website
4. Registration 11. Patient & Reference Doctor
5. Lab Equipment 12. Reports
6. Chemical & Kits 13. Finance
7. Employee & Staff 14. Do's & Don'ts



In conclusion, medical and nonmedical Equipment play a crucial role in pathology labs in India, regardless of their size. Small, medium, and large pathology labs all require a variety of Equipment and supplies for the smooth operation and management of a pathology lab. 


If you want to open a new lab in india or trying to setup your lab, Drlogy will give you A to Z solution to where to start to end on 14 blog solutions of Drlogy Pathology Lab Setup Guide. Please visit to get all your answers.


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Pathology Lab Setup Guide FAQ

What equipment is needed for a pathology lab?

Equipment needed for a pathology lab may include:

  • Microscopes
  • Centrifuges
  • Automated analyzers
  • Refrigerators and freezers
  • Incubators and ovens
  • Water baths and heating blocks
  • Pipettes and burettes
  • Glassware and plasticware
  • Safety equipment (e.g. gloves, goggles)
  • Computer hardware and software for data management

Note: The specific equipment required may vary depending on the type and size of the pathology lab.

What type of equipment does pathologist use?

Pathologists may use a variety of equipment, including:

  • Microscopes
  • Imaging equipment (e.g. X-rays, CT scanners)
  • Biopsy needles and forceps
  • Surgical instruments
  • Specimen containers and fixatives
  • Automated analyzers
  • Computer hardware and software for data management and analysis

What equipment is used in a pathology lab?

Here are 10 equipment commonly used in a pathology lab:

Equipment Function
Microscopes Used to observe and analyze tissue and cell samples
Centrifuges Used to separate and isolate different components of samples (e.g. blood, urine)
Incubators Used to cultivate and grow microorganisms for testing
Automated Analyzers Used to perform various types of diagnostic testing, such as blood tests and urinalysis
Cryostats Used to freeze and prepare tissue samples for analysis
Autoclaves Used to sterilize laboratory equipment and supplies
pH Meters Used to measure the acidity or alkalinity of a sample
Water Baths Used for heating samples to a specific temperature for testing or incubation
Spectrophotometers Used to measure the absorption of light by a sample and analyze its properties
Safety Cabinets Used to provide a safe and sterile environment for handling hazardous or infectious materials

Note: This is not an exhaustive list and the specific equipment needed in a pathology lab may vary depending on the nature of the testing and analysis being conducted.

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