What is the main cause of anemia?

Anemia is a condition characterized by a lack of sufficient red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood. The main cause of anemia is a deficiency in one or more essential nutrients needed for the production of red blood cells, specifically iron, folate, or vitamin B12.

  • Iron-deficiency
  • Vitamin-deficiency
  • Chronic diseases
  • Cancer
  • Kidney disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Certain medications
  • Bone marrow failure
  • Genetic blood disorders
  • Chronic infections like HIV

It's important to see a doctor if you have symptoms of anemia, such as fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, pale skin, or a rapid heartbeat so that the underlying cause can be determined and appropriate treatment can be given.

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