Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is a surgical procedure that is used to treat arthritis in one compartment of the knee. Unlike a total knee replacement, which replaces the entire knee joint, a UKR only replaces the damaged compartment of the knee.
- During the procedure, the damaged cartilage and bone are removed from the knee joint and replaced with metal and plastic components.
- These components are designed to mimic the movement and function of a healthy knee joint.
- UKR is typically recommended for people who have arthritis in only one compartment of the knee, such as the inner or outer compartment.
- It is also typically recommended for people who have less severe arthritis, as well as for older adults who may not be candidates for a total knee replacement.
UKR offers a number of potential benefits over a total knee replacement, such as:
- faster recovery time
- less pain
- less blood loss
- smaller incision
- improved range of motion
- less bone removal
- lower risk of complications
However, it's worth noting that UKR may not be suitable for everyone and it is important to discuss with a medical professional the best option for each specific case.