What is process of surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a process in which a woman, known as a surrogate, carries and delivers a baby for another person or couple, known as the intended parents. There are two types of surrogacy: traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy.

Traditional Surrogacy

  • The surrogate is artificially inseminated with the intended father's sperm or a sperm donor's sperm.
  • The surrogate carries and delivers the baby, and it is her own genetic child.
  • The intended parents will adopt the child after birth.

Gestational Surrogacy

  • The surrogate carries an embryo created using in vitro fertilization (IVF) and the intended parents or donors' egg and sperm.
  • The surrogate is not genetically related to the child and is referred to as a gestational carrier.
  • After the baby is born, the intended parents will become the legal parents through a process called the pre-birth order or the adoption process

In both types of surrogacy, the intended parents and the surrogate will usually work with a surrogacy agency or attorney to draw up legal contracts outlining the rights and responsibilities of each party before the pregnancy begins.

  • In most cases, the intended parents will also have to undergo medical and psychological evaluations to make sure they are suitable to become parents.
  • The process of surrogacy can be emotionally and financially demanding, it is important for the intended parents and the surrogate to be well-informed and have a good support system in place.

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