What can an allergist do?

An allergist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies and immune system disorders. They are trained to identify and manage a wide range of allergic and immune-mediated conditions, including:

  • Allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
  • Asthma
  • Eczema (atopic dermatitis)
  • Food allergies
  • Drug allergies
  • Insect sting allergies
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Chronic hives (urticaria)
  • Immunodeficiency disorders


Some of the main tasks that an allergist performs include:

  • Conducting skin tests and other diagnostic tests to identify the specific allergens that are causing symptoms
  • Prescribing medication, such as antihistamines, to manage the symptoms of allergies
  • Administering immunotherapy, such as allergy shots, to help desensitize patients to allergens
  • Advising patients on lifestyle changes and management strategies to help reduce symptoms
  • Coordinating care with other specialists such as pulmonologists, immunologists, and dermatologists
  • Conducting research to improve understanding of allergies and develop new treatments

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